TITLE

Runoff Reduction Effects of Green Roofs in Vancouver, BC, Kelowna, BC, and Shanghai, P.R. China

AUTHOR(S)
Roehr, Daniel; Yuewei Kong
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Canadian Water Resources Journal/Revue Canadienne des Ressources;Spring2010, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p53
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This research examines how distinct climatic conditions affect the runoff reduction functions of green roofs by comparing performance in Vancouver, BC, Kelowna, BC and Shanghai, P.R. China. To quantify the reduction in runoff volume effectuated by green roofs, both the Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN), crop coefficient method and the Hargreaves-Samani method are applied in calculating the annual water gains and losses of green roofs during a year of average precipitation, using local climate data such as precipitation, evapotranspiration, and temperature. Using a soil water balance model, the research also analyzes the change in soil water content of a typical green roof with a soil depth of 150 mm, and compares the potential irrigation requirements of plants with low versus high water requirements in each of the three cities. The calculation results show that the typical green roof could reduce annual rooftop runoff by 29% in Vancouver, 55% in Shanghai, and 100% in Kelowna. Furthermore, these results illustrate the important role that soil properties, soil depth, and plant selection play in maintaining growth of plants and minimizing green roof irrigation requirements.
ACCESSION #
50739793

 

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