High-speed impact of electromagnetically sensitive fabric and induced projectile spin

Zohdi, T. I.
August 2010
Computational Mechanics;Aug2010, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p399
Academic Journal
This work deals with the dynamic contact of a rigid body with a deformable electromagnetically sensitive fabric structure, represented by a network model. Of particular interest are the electromagnetically induced forces generated on the fabric, which are proportional to the external electric field ( E EXT) and the velocity crossed with the external magnetic field ( v � B EXT). These forces transmit reactions to the rigid contacting object, which can induce rotational motion. Modeling and simulation of this effect can be useful in ballistic shielding applications, because the rotation of an incoming, ogival, projectile allows it to be more easily impeded. A modular formulation for the deformation of impacted fabric structures, represented by a network model, is developed in this paper, characterized by (1) stretching of interconnected yarn networks, described by simple constitutive relations, including yarn damage, (2) interaction with impacting objects, incorporating contact with friction and (3) electromagnetic sensitivity and actuation, demonstrating how the Lorentz force can be harnessed to break symmetric deformation patterns in order to induce spin onto an incoming object, whether that object is electromagnetically sensitive or not.


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