TITLE

Training Background as a Factor in the Conversion Rate of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

AUTHOR(S)
Ayerdi, Juan; Wiseman, Jeffrey; Gupta, Sushil K.; Simon, Steven C.
PUB. DATE
August 2001
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Aug2001, Vol. 67 Issue 8, p780
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The present study reports findings concerning the impact of the learning environment on the conversion rate of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open cholecystectomy (OC). At MetroWest Medical Center (Framingham, MA) seven surgeons performed 866 LCs between 1990 and 1995. Group I consisted of three surgeons who learned the procedure as part of their General Surgery Residency training, whereas the remaining four surgeons representing Group II learned the procedure through private courses. We emphasize the importance of the surgeons' training background on the conversion rates, operative times, and length of hospitalization for patients undergoing LC. The conversion rates, operative times, and complication rates were analyzed with and without a 2-year period of adjustment to compensate for the learning curve of early procedures. Operative times and conversion rates from LC to OC were lower for cases done by surgeons from Group I, even when the learning curve was corrected. The complication rates were higher for surgeons in Group II, but this did not reach statistical significance. As surgeons from Group II gained more experience their operation times and conversion rates decreased. However, there still was a statistically significant difference in favor of surgeons who learned the procedure as part of a structured curriculum. These data suggest a long-lasting influence of the learning environment on the conversion rates and operative times.
ACCESSION #
5059564

 

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