TITLE

Determination of β-glucosidase activity in soils with a bioanalytical sensor modified with multiwalled carbon nanotubes

AUTHOR(S)
Stege, Patricia W.; Messina, Germán A.; Bianchi, Guillermo; Olsina, Roberto A.; Raba, Julio
PUB. DATE
June 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jun2010, Vol. 397 Issue 3, p1347
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Soil microorganisms and enzymes are the primary mediators of soil biological processes, including organic matter degradation, mineralization, and nutrient recycling. They play an important role in maintaining soil ecosystem quality and functional diversity. Moreover, enzyme activities can provide an indication of quantitative changes in soil organic matter. β-Glucosidase (β-Glu) activity has been found to be sensitive to soil management and has been proposed as a soil quality indicator because it provides an early indication of changes in organic matter status and its turnover. The aims of the present study were to test and use a simple and convenient procedure for the assay of β-Glu activity in agricultural soil. The method described here is based on the enzymatic degradation of cellobiose by β-Glu present in the soil sample and the subsequent determination of glucose produced by the enzymatic reaction using screen-printed carbon electrodes modified with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (SPCE-CNT) equipped with coimmobilized glucose oxidase and horseradish peroxidase enzymes. The potential applied to the SPCE-CNT detection was −0.15 V versus a Ag/AgCl pseudo-reference electrode. A linear calibration curve was obtained in the range 2.7–11.3 mM with a correlation coefficient. In the present study, an easy and effective SPCE-CNT-modified electrode allowed an improved amperometric response to be achieved and this is attributed to the increased surface area upon electrode modification.
ACCESSION #
50377624

 

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