TITLE

Arabidopsis thaliana Rubisco small subunit transit peptide increases the accumulation of Thermotoga maritima endoglucanase Cel5A in chloroplasts of transgenic tobacco plants

AUTHOR(S)
Suyeon Kim; Dae-Seok Lee; In Seong Choi; Sung-Ju Ahn; Yong-Hwan Kim; Hyeun-Jong Bae
PUB. DATE
June 2010
SOURCE
Transgenic Research;Jun2010, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p489
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Over the past decade various approaches have been used to increase the expression level of recombinant proteins in plants. One successful approach has been to target proteins to specific subcellular sites/compartments of plant cells, such as the chloroplast. In the study reported here, hyperthermostable endoglucanase Cel5A was targeted into the chloroplasts of tobacco plants via the N-terminal transit peptide of nuclear-encoded plastid proteins. The expression levels of Cel5A transgenic lines were then determined using three distinct transit peptides, namely, the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/ b-binding protein (CAB), Rubisco small subunit (RS), and Rubisco activase (RA). RS:Cel5A transgenic lines produced highly stable active enzymes, and the protein accumulation of these transgenic lines was up to 5.2% of the total soluble protein in the crude leaf extract, remaining stable throughout the life cycle of the tobacco plant. Transmission election microscopy analysis showed that efficient targeting of Cel5A protein was under the control of the transit peptide.
ACCESSION #
50289177

 

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