The electric field enhancements by single-walled carbon nanotubes in In2S3/In2O3 photoelectrochemical solar cells

Jungwoo Lee; Wonjoo Lee; Eunkyung Park; Taehee Park; Yoon-Chae Nah; Sung-Hwan Han; Whikun Yi
April 2010
Applied Physics Letters;4/26/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 17, p173506
Academic Journal
Using reverse-field emission (FE) current measurements, we demonstrate enhancement of the electric field by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in In2S3/In2O3 photoelectrochemical solar cells (PECs). In reverse-FE measurements, anode and cathode consists of In2S3/In2O3/(with or without) SWNTs on indium-doped tin oxide substrate and microtexturized tip silicon, respectively. The enhanced FE results for In2S3/In2O3/SWNTs show an electric field approximately two times more than In2S3/In2O3. The β value (i.e., electric field enhancement factor) of In2S3/In2O3 PECs with SWNT layers is 4950, which is ∼35.2% higher than that of In2S3/In2O3 PECs without SWNTs (3660). In PECs, the enhanced electric field intensifies the power of electron transfer, which accelerates the electron transfer rate in the cell.


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