TITLE

THE SYSTEM OF PROPORTIONS OF THE PARTHENON: A WORK OF MUSICALLY INSPIRED ARCHITECTURE

AUTHOR(S)
Kappraff, Jay; McClain, Ernest G.
PUB. DATE
March 2005
SOURCE
Music in Art: International Journal for Music Iconography;Spring-Fall2005, Vol. 30 Issue 1/2, p5
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The architecture historian Anne Bulckens has studied the proportions of the Parthenon based on the measurements of Francis Cranmer Penrose (the measurements referred to by most scholars). In her work she discovered the length of a module and measure of a Parthenon foot used throughout the structure conforming well to the architectural principals described by Vitruvius. The principal result of her studies is that all of the significant measurements can be reckoned as integers within the preset tolerance of 0.2% although the load bearing elements have deviations of far less. We have discovered that the integers can be correlated with the musical scale of Pythagoras. Most notably the length, width, and heights of the outer temple and the length and width of the cella form a pentatonic scale. Our contribution to Bulckens' work lies in trying to review it carefully within philosophical principles prevalent in the fifth century B.C. when it was under construction-for which we rely on Philolaus, the earliest Pythagorean author, writing in Tarentum while the Parthenon was under construction. We believe her analysis may prove significant both to the study of other Greek temples and to a better understanding of Pythagorean influence on Greek ideals.
ACCESSION #
50167225

 

Related Articles

  • THE LOVELY STONES. Hitchens, Christopher // Vanity Fair;Jul2009, Issue 587, p44 

    The article looks at the Acropolis Museum in Greece, which pays tribute to the Parthenon and other Greek temples. The author presents a history on several of the structures. The Parthenon's construction is noted for using both slave labor and the collective work of free people. The occupation of...

  • Beauty Secrets of the Parthenon.  // World & I;Jan2009, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p6 

    The article offers a description on the beauty of Parthenon in Athens, Greece. According to the article, its body was mined by precious ton coming from the finest marble of Mt. Pentelicon. Its beauty relies on the talents of many trades which include rope-makers, riggers, and painters....

  • LETTER. Goudchaux, Weill // Apollo: The International Magazine for Collectors;Sep2009, Vol. 170 Issue 568, p18 

    The author argues that the Parthenon sculptures in the British Museum in London, England should not be returned to Athens, Greece. He points out that the claim of the Greeks to the sculptures might be justifiable if they intended to rebuild the Parthenon to use it again as a temple. He examines...

  • THE PARTHENON OF PERICLES. LaBier Jones, W. // Sculpture Review;Winter2000, Vol. 49 Issue 4, p30 

    The article focuses on the design and construction of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece. Construction of the Parthenon started in 447 B.C. and was finished in 432 B.C. It was constructed atop the Acropolis in Athens and was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Primarily a Doric peripteral temple, it...

  • B X DE WET ESSAY. Pendlebury, K. S. // Akroterion;2004, Vol. 49, p113 

    Examines the structural refinements on the Parthenon, an ancient Greek temple in Athens, Greece. Relevance of human anatomy to the architectural design of the temple; Influences of conservatism in ancient Greek art and partiality on the temple's design; Description of the temple's facade.

  • MEASURING THE PARTHENON.  // Structural Wonders: Parthenon;2008, p18 

    The article offers information on the architectural measurement of the temple Parthenon in Athens, Greece. It mentions the location of the temple which sits in Acropolis. It adds that Parthenon stands 65 feet tall and is 228.1 feet long and 101.4 feet wide. It states that more than four million...

  • ATHENIANS AND ELEUSINIANS IN THE WEST PEDIMENT OF THE PARTHENON. Spaeth, Barbette Stanley // Hesperia;Jul-Sep91, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p330 

    The article discusses the composition of the west pediment of the Parthenon in Athens, Greece. This pediment is to be read on two levels because it is divided into Athenians side and Eleusinians side. Each level of the pediment reflects various meanings. The primary levels represents the...

  • Toward a Twentieth-Century Athena. Mondale, Lester // Humanist;Sep/Oct84, Vol. 44 Issue 5, p39 

    Recounts a religious illumination the author had several years ago while driving into Athens, Greece. How the architectural magnificence of the Parthenon was viewed that day from his car, suggesting an Athenian reverence for Athena -- the goddess of wisdom, of manufacture, of war; Discussion of...

  • Athens' Parthenon was adorned with colour.  // New Scientist;6/20/2009, Vol. 202 Issue 2713, p14 

    The article reports that a team at the British Museum in London, England, has found the first evidence of coloured paints used on the Parthenon temple in Athens, Greek. Giovanni Verri, a researcher at the British Museum, developed an imaging technique that he used to trace ancient pigments on...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics