Prescription drugs: uses and effects: Opioids

Hewitt, Jeanette; Jordan, Sue
October 2004
Nursing Standard;10/20/2004, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p105
Trade Publication
The article focuses on opioids, which relieve pain caused by tissue damage and depress the activity of nerve and smooth muscle cells. It discusses the administration of different opioids such as morphone, pethidine/meperidine, and fentanyl as well as contraindications and interactions of opioids. The management of the adverse effects of opioids is also discussed.


Related Articles

  • Fentanyl/hydromorphone/morphine.  // Reactions Weekly;3/31/2007, Issue 1145, p11 

    The article presents a case study on the adverse effect of opioid analgesics in a 33-year-old woman presented with velocardiofacial syndrome. After she had received morphine, hydromorphone and transdermal fentanyl, she had experienced auditory and visual hallucinations over an extended period of...

  • Are All Opioids Created Equal? Lawson, Amber P.; Smith, Kelly M. // Orthopedics;Sep2004, Vol. 27 Issue 9, p909 

    Discusses the importance of considering the pharmacology and pharmacokinetic profile of opioid analgesics when choosing a drug for pain management. Pharmacology of different opioids including morphine, codeine, methadone, fentanyl, and propoxyphene; Allergies and adverse effects of opioids.

  • The Analgesic and Adverse Effects of Intrathecal Opioids for Cesarean Section: 11 Years' Experience in 10,061 Cases. Sasikaan Nimmaanrat; Frcat; YunusWanjsa, Qistina // British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research;4/1/2014, Vol. 4 Issue 10, p2112 

    Purposes: To evaluate analgesic effect and adverse effects of intrathecal morphine and fentanyl in parturients undergoing cesarean section. Methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive study from anesthetic and recovery room records from January 2001 to August 2011. Results: From this 11-year...

  • Various drugs.  // Reactions Weekly;Oct2015, Vol. 1573 Issue 1, p224 

    The article discusses the retrospective study on nine cases of death that were linked with transdermal fentanyl patches. The patients, aged 26-to 73-years-old also overdosed using alprazolam and morphine, while transdermal fentanyl was examined as the main cause of death in three patients. The...

  • Associative and non-associative fentanyl tolerance in the rat: evaluation of cross tolerance with mu-and kappa-specific opioids. Carter, B. L.; Tiffany, S. T.; Conklin, C. A. // Psychopharmacology;2000, Vol. 148 Issue 4, p384 

    Abstract Rationale: Associative tolerance to the analgesic effects of morphine is most pronounced when morphine is paired with a distinctive context at a long interdose interval (IDI). In contrast, morphine administered at a short IDI promotes the development of non-associative tolerance and...

  • Trends in the consumption of opioid analgesics in Spain. Higher increases as fentanyl replaces morphine. Garcia del Pozo, Javier; Carvajal, Alfonso; Viloria, Jose; Velasco, Alfonso; Garcia del Pozo, Victorina // European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology;Apr2008, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p411 

    During the past few years there have been changes in the availability of opioids in Spain, and new policies on palliative care have been implemented. The aim of this study was to describe the new pattern of opioid consumption in Spain and the associated economic impact. A search in the ECOM...

  • Cross-tolerance to cannabinoids in morphine-tolerant rhesus monkeys. Gerak, L.; Zanettini, C.; Koek, W.; France, C. // Psychopharmacology;Oct2015, Vol. 232 Issue 19, p3637 

    Rationale: Opioids remain the drugs of choice for treating moderate to severe pain, although adverse effects limit their use. Therapeutic utility might be improved by combining opioids with other drugs to enhance analgesic effects, but only if adverse effects are not similarly changed....

  • morphine.  // Davis's Drug Guide for Nurses, 9th edition;2005, p709 

    Provides information on morphine, an opioid analgesic used for severe pain. Pharmacokinetics; Adverse reactions and side effects; Drug interactions; Required dosage of the drug.

  • Methylnaltrexone bromide/opioid analgesics.  // Reactions Weekly;11/3/2012, Issue 1426, p32 

    The article describes the cases of four older patients who developed narcotic bowel syndrome while receiving opioid analgesics.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics