Marine mammal blubber reference and control materials for use in the determination of halogenated organic compounds and fatty acids

Kucklick, John; Schantz, Michele; Pugh, Rebecca; Porter, Barbara; Poster, Dianne; Becker, Paul; Rowles, Teri; Leigh, Stefan; Wise, Stephen
May 2010
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2010, Vol. 397 Issue 2, p423
Academic Journal
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a diverse collection of control materials derived from marine mammal blubber, fat, and serum. Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1945 Organics in Whale Blubber was recertified for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, organochlorine pesticides, and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners. SRM 1945 has also been assigned mass fraction values for compounds not frequently determined in marine samples including toxaphene congeners, coplanar PCBs, and methoxylated PBDE congeners which are natural products. NIST also has assigned mass fraction values, as a result of interlaboratory comparison exercises, for PCB congeners, organochlorine pesticides, PBDE congeners, and fatty acids in six homogenate materials produced from marine mammal blubber or serum. The materials are available from NIST upon request; however, the supply is very limited for some of the materials. The materials include those obtained from pilot whale blubber (Homogenates III and IV), Blainville�s beaked whale blubber (Homogenate VII), polar bear fat (Homogenate VI), and California sea lion serum (Marine Mammal Control Material-1 Serum) and blubber (Homogenate V).


Related Articles

  • Definitive identification of fatty acid constituents in marine mammal tissues. Wetzel, D. L.; Reynolds III., J. E. // Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences;Apr2004, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p554 

    Analyses of fatty acid constituents in a sample of bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) blubber were conducted using a method that has not been applied before to studies of lipids in marine mammals. It involves creation and analysis of nitrogen (picolinyl) ester derivatives of the fatty acids...

  • Determination of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and chlorinated pesticides in a fish tissue standard reference material. Poster, Dianne L.; Kucklick, John R.; Schantz, Michele M.; Porter, Barbara J.; Leigh, Stefan D.; Wise, Stephen A. // Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jan2003, Vol. 375 Issue 2, p223 

    The concentrations of a wide range of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (PCBs) and chlorinated pesticides in a fish tissue Standard Reference Material (SRM) have been determined using multiple methods of analysis. This material, SRM 1946, Lake Superior Fish Tissue, was recently issued by the...

  • Phylogenetic, ecological, and ontogenetic factors influencing the biochemical structure of the blubber of odontocetes. Koopman, Heather // Marine Biology;Apr2007, Vol. 151 Issue 1, p277 

    To explore ecological, phylogenetic, and developmental factors affecting the structure of blubber in Odontocetes (toothed whales), lipid composition of this specialized adipose tissue was determined in 260 specimens (30 species representing all families except the river dolphins), most of which...

  • Warming up to blubber.  // Curriculum Review;Feb2005, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p9 

    Provides information on the lesson plan developed by Becky Wood of the University of Maine, designed to examine the role of blubber in whales and dolphins. Problem faced by many marine mammals; Cause of the severe energetic challenge presented by the polar environment; Materials that students...

  • Blubber fatty acids of minke whales: stratification, population identification and relation to diet. Olsen, E.; Grahl-Nielsen, O. // Marine Biology;Jan2003, Vol. 142 Issue 1, p13 

    We determined the fatty acids in the blubber of 10 minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) from the Norwegian Sea and 12 minke whales from the North Sea. The composition of the fatty acids differed between the inner and outer blubber layer. The saturated, the monounsaturated with 20 and 22...

  • Marine Mammal Train Oil Production Methods: Experimental Reconstructions of Norwegian Iron Age Slab-Lined Pits. Nilsen, Gørill // Journal of Maritime Archaeology;Aug2016, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p197 

    Seal hunting and whaling have played an important part of people's livelihoods throughout prehistory as evidenced by rock carvings, remains of bones, artifacts from aquatic animals and hunting tools. This paper focuses on one of the more elusive resources relating to such activities: marine...

  • Variation in the fatty acid composition of blubber in Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) and the implications for dietary interpretation. Arnould, J. P. Y.; Nelson, M. M.; Nichols, P. D.; Oosthuizen, W. H. // Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic & Env;Jun2005, Vol. 175 Issue 4, p285 

    Analysis of the fatty acid (FA) composition of blubber is a valuable tool in interpreting the diet of marine mammals. This technique is based on the principle that particular FA present in prey can be incorporated largely untransformed into predator adipose tissue stores, thereby providing...

  • Body regional distribution and stratification of fatty acids in the blubber of New Zealand sea lions: implications for diet predictions. Lambert, Antoine; Meynier, Laureline; Donaldson, Laura; Roe, Wendi; Morel, Patrick // Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic & Env;Jan2013, Vol. 183 Issue 1, p145 

    Fatty acids (FAs) from blubber are often analysed to assess the diet of marine mammals. However, distribution of blubber FAs is not necessarily uniform along the body. It is therefore important to understand the deposition of dietary fat to be able to estimate the diet. We analysed the FA...

  • Fatty acid composition of the blubber in white whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Dahl, Trine Merete; Lydersen, Christian; Kovacs, Kit M.; Falk-Petersen, Stig; Sargent, John; Gjertz, Ian; Gulliksen, Bjørn // Polar Biology;Jun2000, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p401 

    Fatty acid (FA) composition of the blubber in free-ranging white whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from Svalbard's waters was determined and compared with the fatty acid composition of potential prey species in an attempt to assess diet. This methodology is based on the common assumption that...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics