TITLE

Potential use of gamma irradiation in the production of mussel and oyster reference materials for paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins

AUTHOR(S)
Turner, Andrew; Hatfield, Robert; Powell, Andy; Higman, Wendy
PUB. DATE
May 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;May2010, Vol. 397 Issue 2, p743
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Bivalve shellfish samples containing paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins were subjected to gamma irradiation dosage trials in order to assess the potential suitability of the technique in the production of toxin reference materials. Two candidate reference materials of tissue homogenates, mussels ( Mytilus sp.) and native oysters ( Ostrea edulis), were prepared in-house. Both were subjected to gamma irradiation at four different dose levels, 3.0, 6.0, 13.0 and 18.1 kGy. Bacterial levels were shown to be eliminated in the mussels and significantly reduced in the oysters following irradiation at all four dose levels. Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxin concentrations were not significantly reduced in any of the samples indicating the treatment had no adverse affect on the initial stability of any of the PSP toxins monitored. Chromatographic results showed near-identical profiles for treated and non-treated samples inferring that no fluorescent toxin degradation products or matrix interferences were produced during the irradiation process. Results therefore proved that gamma irradiation treatment reduced bacterial levels within paralytic shellfish poisoning reference materials without compromising analyte content, with the subsequent potential to enhance the stability of future candidate reference materials treated in this manner. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
49444114

 

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