Efficient and high-power AlGaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diode grown on bulk GaN

Nishida, Toshio; Saito, Hisao; Kobayashi, Naoki
August 2001
Applied Physics Letters;8/6/2001, Vol. 79 Issue 6
Academic Journal
By introducing thick bulk GaN as a substrate, we improved the performance of an AlGaN-based ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diode (LED). The output power exceeds 3 mW at the injection current of 100 mA under a bare-chip geometry. Internal quantum efficiency is estimated as more than 80%, and the peak wavelength is 352 nm. The maximum power exceeds 10 mW at a large current injection of 400 mA, with an operation voltage of less than 6 V. These results indicate that an efficient UV LED is intrinsically possible by the combination of appropriate device design and the nitride substrate. By introducing packaging technology to enhance extraction efficiency, we will have a compact and efficient UV light source in the wide wavelength range of 200–360 nm, similar to conventional longer-wavelength LEDs. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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