TITLE

GED holders in prison read better than those in the household population: Why?

AUTHOR(S)
Harlow, Caroline Wolf; Jenkins, H. David; Steurer, Stephen
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Correctional Education;Mar2010, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p68
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The National Adult Literacy Survey, conducted by the U.S. Department of Education in 1992 and 2003, included federal and state prisoners. One finding of the 2003 survey was that prisoners with a GED scored higher in reading skills than persons in the general population with the equivalent education. In an attempt to explain that unexpected finding, the authors reviewed literature on inmate achievement, conducted a more detailed analysis of the NAAL and GED data bases and surveyed leaders in correctional education regarding incentives for educational participation. Among the prison population, analysts would expect that many groups within the prison population, would be expected to have trouble reading based upon findings of reading literacy in the general population. However, the analysis determined that those in prison who were black, male, learning disabled, spoke a language other than English while young, or never used a library read better than their counterparts in the general population. In addition, blacks in prison read as well as whites in prison. The learning disabled performed at the same level as other inmates. Those who watched several hours of TV daily read as well as those who didn't watch TV Those who did not frequent a library scored the same as frequent library users. Inmates who did not read books, newpapers or magazines frequently read as well as those who did read. Those who didn't use computers scored the same as those who did use computers. Analysis also found that proportionately more inmates than those in the general population reported behaviors thought to be related to higher literacy, such as library use, less television watching, frequent reading, and less computer use than households. Generally, the analysis also supports the research which suggests that prisoners can and do achieve at levels equal to or higher than members of the community. The public policy implication is that investments in correctional education can provide wide social as well as personal benefits for prisoners. A number of studies have associated educational participation and achievement with increased levels of post release employment and lower recidivism.
ACCESSION #
49187081

 

Related Articles

  • Federal Dateline. Schwartz, Gail // Journal of Correctional Education;Mar1993, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p9 

    Presents an update on the accomplishments and activities of the United States Department of Education in 1992-93. Appointment of Richard W. Riley as Secretary of Education and Madeleine M. Kunin as Deputy Secretary of Education; Highlights of various grants, programs and projects for...

  • U.S.D.O.E. Update. Linton, John // Journal of Correctional Education;Mar2003, Vol. 54 Issue 1, p2 

    The article discusses the much awaited legislation related to correctional education programs and appropriations in the United States. The office of correctional education is transferring to a new unit in the Department of Education, the Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools. Preparations are...

  • New Twist in Post Secondary Education. Smith Jr., Lawrence David // Journal of Correctional Education;Mar1999, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p10 

    Discusses the processes involved in implementing a contracted college education program within a correctional institution in Ohio. Inmate enrollment procedures; Student recruitment; Attrition information; Programs offered by the institution.

  • United States Department of Education Update. Linton, John // Journal of Correctional Education;Nov2011, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p228 

    The article offers the author's insights on the update of the Council of State and Federal Directors of Correctional Education pre-conference meetings hosted by the U.S. Department of Education in Charlestown, West Virginia on September 8, 2011. The author says that the meetings discuss the...

  • United States Department of Education Update. Linton, John // Journal of Correctional Education;Sep2009, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p188 

    The article reports developments at the U.S. Department of Education and the Correctional Education Association. It cites the Workforce Investment Act which allegedly provides coherence in federal programs connected with the shared purpose of assisting out of school Americans regarding...

  • Education Policy for Large Jail Programs: A Case Study. Winters, Clyde Ahmad; Mathew, Mohan // Journal of Correctional Education;Sep1993, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p124 

    Around the country most correctional educational programs have a reading grade level requirement. This is true in most GED ad ABE programs. Although this reading requirement must be met by offenders to participate in most educational programs, as many as 60% of the inmates in our jails are high...

  • A Day in the Life of a Correctional Educator. Corwin, Joe-Anne // Journal of Correctional Education;Mar2002, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p3 

    Reports on the visit by the author to the Center for the Study of Correctional Education at Carolina State University, San Barnardino, California. Importance of the Center in providing a professional identity for correctional educators; Availability of information on correctional education at...

  • Teaching Youth With Disabilities in Alternative and Correctional Settings. Guerin, Gil; Denti, Lou // Journal of Correctional Education;Sep1999, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p84 

    Estimates suggest that between 42% and 60% of youth in alternative educational settings have physical, emotional, or learning disabilities. Equally striking is the large proportion of youth who are poor, minority, and bilingual. The unique teacher skills that are required in alternative programs...

  • A Day in the Life of a Correctional Educator.  // Journal of Correctional Education;Dec2002, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p123 

    Presents a response by Janet Hurst, a correctional educator, to the article "A Day in the Life of a Correctional Educator: Dyslexia and the Irlen Syndrome" by J. Pharms in the September 2002 issue of the "Journal of Correctional Education". Highlights of a three day training on Irlen syndrome...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics