TITLE

Salmonellosis in garden birds in Scotland, 1995 to 2008: geographic region, Salmonella enterica phage type and bird species

AUTHOR(S)
Pennycott, T. W.; Mather, H. A.; Bennett, G.; Foster, G.
PUB. DATE
April 2010
SOURCE
Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;4/3/2010, Vol. 166 Issue 14, p419
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Salmonellosis was diagnosed in garden birds from 198 incidents in Scotland between September 1995 and August 2008. Salmonellosis was essentially a disease of finches in the north of Scotland, but in the south of Scotland it was also a problem in house sparrows. Almost all of the incidents were caused by Salmonella Typhimurium phage types 40 or 56/variant, but regional variation in phage types was observed. In the north of Scotland, one phage type (DT 40) predominated, but in the south of Scotland two phage types were commonly isolated (DTs 40 and 56/variant, with the latter the more common of the two phage types). This regional difference was statistically significant for salmonellosis in greenfinches, chaffinches and 'other garden birds', but not for house sparrows. Different temporal patterns for different species of bird and different phage types were also observed within regions. These findings suggest that the epidemiology of salmonellosis in garden birds varies depending on the phage type of Salmonella and the species of garden bird, with additional regional differences depending on the wild bird populations and the phage types of Salmonella in circulation. An awareness of these differences will help when formulating guidelines aimed at reducing the impact of salmonellosis in garden birds.
ACCESSION #
49148252

 

Related Articles

  • Mountain City Montage. Tom, Pauline // Free Press (Buda, TX);6/20/2007, Vol. 104 Issue 11, p7A 

    The article reports on the potential threats of House Sparrow to the nestlings of birds, chickadees and bluebirds in Texas.

  • The English Sparrow Comes to America. Elliott, Charles // Horticulture;May2000, Vol. 97 Issue 4, p28 

    Provides information on the English Sparrow bird in the gardens. Brief history of the bird; How it was described in the `English Sparrow in North America' survey conducted in 1883; Concerns regarding the bird.

  • Urban Pest Birds Chapter 19.  // Pest Management Professional;Sep2013, Vol. 81 Issue 9, p120 

    A quiz regarding the house parrow is presented.

  • After the dust settled, some unwanted birds had left a lasting impression. Mallet, Evan // National Wildlife (World Edition);Apr/May99, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p66 

    Reports on the dust-bathing behavior of house sparrows. Scientists' views on the reasons for the behavior; Benefits offered by dust-bathing to sparrows.

  • Prevalence and Genetic Characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) in Lanzhou, China. Wei Cong; Si-Yang Huang; Dong-Hui Zhou; Xiao-Xuan Zhang; Nian-Zhang Zhang; Quan Zhao; Xing-Quan Zhu // Korean Journal of Parasitology;Jun2013, Vol. 51 Issue 3, p363 

    The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in birds has epidemiological significance because birds are indeed considered as a good indicator of environmental contamination by T. gondii oocysts. In this study, the prevalence of T. gondii in 313 house sparrows in Lanzhou, northwestern China was...

  • Effect of Ephemeral Food Restriction on Growth of House Sparrows. Lepczyk, Christopher A.; Karasov, William H. // Auk (American Ornithologists Union);Jan2000, Vol. 117 Issue 1, p164 

    Presents information on a study which tested for the presence of compensatory growth following ephemeral periods of food restriction in altricial nestlings using the House Sparrow as a model species. Methodology of the study; Results and discussion on the study.

  • House sparrows--the toughest bird job. Pinto, Larry // Pest Control;Jul95, Vol. 63 Issue 7, p10 

    Provides recommendations for the management and control of populations of house sparrows. Origin of house sparrows; Attempts to eliminate house sparrows; Reasons for the difficulty of control and management; Control methods which are of little use against house sparrows.

  • An ordinary bird that had the whole nation up in arms. Kastner, Joseph // Smithsonian;Nov86, Vol. 17 Issue 8, p174 

    This article presents information on the conflict that arose among ornithologists from the classification of sparrows and its spread across the U.S. The Great Sparrow War is not mentioned in the histories of the U.S., yet--within its special company of combatants--it aroused as much emotion as,...

  • Isolation of different serovars of Salmonella enterica from wild birds in Great Britain between 1995 and 2003. Pennycott, T. W.; Park, A.; Mather, H. A. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;6/17/2006, Vol. 158 Issue 24, p817 

    Postmortem examinations were carried out on the carcases of 779 wild birds. Salmonellosis was a common cause of death in greenfinches (Carduelis chloris), house sparrows (Passer domesticus) and chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs), and was also responsible for the deaths of other birds such as...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics