Climate Policy and the Long-Term Evolution of the U.S. Buildings Sector

Kyle, Page; Clarke, Leon; Rong, Fang; Smith, Steven J.
April 2010
Energy Journal;2010, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p145
Academic Journal
Buildings are the dominant driver of daily and seasonal electric load cycles, and account for 40 percent of U.S. final energy use. They account for roughly 10 percent of direct U.S. CO2 emissions and roughly 40 percent once indirect emissions from electricity generation are included. This paper explores possible evolution of this sector over the coming century, its potential role climate action and response to climate policies, and the potential benefits advances in building technologies for addressing climate change. The paper presents a set of scenarios based on a detailed, service-based model of the buildings sector that is embedded within a long-term, global, integrated assessment model, MiniCAM. Eight scenarios are created in total, combining sets of assumptions regarding U.S. building service demand growth, two assumptions regarding the improvements in building energy technologies, two assumptions regarding long-term U.S. climate action --- a no-climate-action assumption and an assumption of market-based policies to reduce U.S. emissions consistent with a 450 ppmv global target. Through these eight scenarios, the paper comments on the implications of continued growth in building service demands, the ability of efficiency measures to reduce emissions, the strong link between decarbonization of electricity generation and building sector emissions.


Related Articles

  • Scots consult on climate change plans.  // Utility Week;2/1/2008, Vol. 28 Issue 14, p39 

    The article reports on the move by the Scottish Government to launch a consultation on climate change. The consultation asked whether emissions targets should be set on emissions sources or on demand, by giving users individual targets. It said that counting emissions at source may not reflect...

  • Proposal of a Norwegian ZEB definition: Storylines and Criteria. Sartori, I.; Graabak, I.; Dokka, T. H. // Proceedings of the Renewable Energy Conference;Jun2010, p179 

    A clear and agreed definition of Zero Emission Building (ZEB) is yet to be achieved, both internationally and in Norway. However, it is understood that both the definition and the surrounding energy supply system will affect significantly the way buildings are designed to achieve the ZEB goal....

  • Climate Solutions: Existing Buildings. Fedrizzi, Rick // Sustainable Facility;Jul2008, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p24 

    The article focuses on the issues of creating sustainable buildings to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and adapt to the climatic changes in the U.S. It cites that a bill was introduced in the Senate that includes $51 billion for energy-efficient new and existing buildings. According to the...

  • Generating test reference years from the UKCP09 projections and their application in building energy simulations. Du, H; Underwood, CP; Edge, JS // Building Services Engineering Research & Technology;Nov2012, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p387 

    In this study, test reference year (TRY) data for three UK cities are generated from the new UKCP09 climate change projections1 for a variety of future time horizons and carbon emission scenario assumptions. The data are applied to the energy simulation of three commercial buildings and one...

  • Making the most of the Green Deal. Dunn, David // Heating & Ventilating Review;Jun2012, Vol. 51 Issue 8, p22 

    The article discusses the Green Deal policy established by Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECQ) in Great Britain. It explains that the Green Deal flagship policy of the coalition government to reduce energy use and carbon emissions from buildings as well as to enable smaller businesses...

  • Conservatives' carbon tax plan raises questions.  // ENDS (Environmental Data Services);Apr2010, Issue 423, p14 

    The article reports that British Conservative manifesto plans to transform part of the Climate Change Levy from a downstream tax on business electricity consumption to an upstream carbon tax on electricity generation have generated queries about the effect on energy prices and the value of the...

  • Double vision.  // Nature;4/3/2008, Vol. 452 Issue 7187, p503 

    The article discusses the importance of addressing the perceptions for the global climate change. Climate modelers have used these perceptions to analyze and manage climate change. However, perceptions can lead to several assumptions which include the increase of energy efficiency and the...

  • Clean Energy Project will help cities cut emissions, costs. Prall, Derek // American City & County Exclusive Insight;2/3/2014, p1 

    The article reports on City Energy Project (CEP), an initiative for the reduction of climate change through improvement of energy efficiency of cities, specifically buildings making up the cities, announced by mayors of 10 U.S. cities in January 2014. The CEP will help 10 cities including...

  • 10:10 looks to 2011 and a 'major policy victory.'. Carr, David // ENDS (Environmental Data Services);Nov2010, Issue 430, p42 

    The article discusses the 10:10 campaign launched in September 2009, which aims to engage individuals, companies and organizations to reduce their carbon emissions by 10 percent in 2010. Around 80,000 signatories in Great Britain were achieved for the campaign, which culminated in climate...


Read the Article

Other Topics