TITLE

Environmental Policy: A New Direction in Ethanol Production

AUTHOR(S)
Burum, Justin
PUB. DATE
July 2010
SOURCE
National Social Science Journal;Jul2010, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p26
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article presents a study which aims to characterize the amount of sugars, lignins and other components of leaf litter which can be used in ethanol production in the U.S. The study grounded leaves collected in the fall of 2007 which were then treated with sulfuric acid, were incubated, autoclaved and residual solid were then collected. The samples were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The study shows that the leaf litter was made up largely of lignins while cellulose, arabinan and xylan were found only in small quantities. Based on the findings the study concludes that fall leaf litter can yield approximately 60 gallons of ethanol per ton of leaves.
ACCESSION #
49114085

 

Related Articles

  • The Effects of Heat Treatment on the Chemical Alterations of Oak Wood. Čabalová, Iveta; Kačík, František; Tribulová, Tereza // Key Engineering Materials;2016, Vol. 688, p44 

    Samples prepared from oak (Quercus robur L.) wood were exposed to heat treatment at temperatures of 160, 180, 200 and 220°C for 3, 6, 9 and 12 hours. In both untreated and thermally treated wood there were determined extractives and lignin by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)...

  • Feasibility of Hydrothermal Pretreatment on Maize Silage for Bioethanol Production. Jian Xu; Thomsen, Mette Hedegaard; Thomsen, Anne Belinda // Applied Biochemistry & Biotechnology;Sep2010, Vol. 162 Issue 1, p33 

    The potential of maize silage as a feedstock to produce bioethanol was evaluated in the present study. The hydrothermal pretreatment with five different pretreatment severity factors (PSF) was employed to pretreat the maize silage and compared in terms of sugar recovery, toxic test, and ethanol...

  • New methods of manufacturing alternative fuels from renewable feedstock sources. Vinokurov, V. A.; Barkov, A. V.; Krasnopol’skaya, L. M.; Mortikov, E. S. // Chemistry & Technology of Fuels & Oils;Jul2010, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p75 

    The prospects for using wastes from cellulose-containing feedstock for manufacturing a broad spectrum of motor fuel components (biodiesel, bioethanol, biogasoline) are examined. The possibility of biosynthesis of lipids similar in composition and properties to soy oil was demonstrated on the...

  • Working at the Plant. Bednar, Joseph // BusinessWest;9/29/2008, Vol. 25 Issue 10, p23 

    The article discusses the breakthroughs in creating ethanol from the cellulose in non-edible material as an answer to the world's fuel needs. It highlights switchgrass as one of non-edible plant materials examined by proponents of cellulosic ethanol which has the potential to supply 35 percent...

  • A standard reaction condition and a single HPLC separation system are sufficient for estimation of monolignol biosynthetic pathway enzyme activities. Liu, Jie; Shi, Rui; Li, Quanzi; Sederoff, Ronald; Chiang, Vincent // Planta;Sep2012, Vol. 236 Issue 3, p879 

    Lignin content and composition are largely determined by the composition and quantity of the monolignol precursors. Individual enzymes of the monolignol biosynthetic pathway determine the composition and quantity of monolignols. Monolignol biosynthesis in angiosperms is mediated by ten enzyme...

  • Study of alcohol-soluble lignin in cognac spirits. Pisarnitskii, A. F.; Askenderov, K. A. // Applied Biochemistry & Microbiology;Nov2008, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p652 

    We studied the structure of alcohol-soluble lignin in cognac spirits from Spain (7-year aging) and Azerbaijan (15-year aging). Alcohol-soluble lignin was precipitated and refractionated by means of preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Lignin was studied by the method of...

  • Preconcentration technique for nonylphenol using cellulose cotton with homogenous liquid-liquid extraction for liquid chromatographic analysis. Takagai, Yoshitaka; Kubota, Toshio; Akiyama, Ryoutaro; Aoyama, Eiji; Igarashi, Shukuro // Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2004, Vol. 380 Issue 2, p351 

    A powerful preconcentration method for nonylphenol (NP) has been developed for liquid-chromatography by combining the use of cellulose cotton (solid-phase extraction) with homogeneous liquid-liquid extraction. A 100 ml of sample solution was preconcentrated using cotton, and the eluate obtained...

  • HPLC mapping of second generation ethanol production with lignocelluloses wastes and diluted sulfuric hydrolysis. Horst, Diogo José; Hermes Petter, Rodolfo Reinaldo; de Almeida Vieira, Rogério; Wagner, Theodoro Marcel // Acta Scientiarum: Technology;2014, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p591 

    Wood wastes are potential material for second generation ethanol production within the concept of residual forest bio-refinery. Current paper reports on ethanol production employing an HPLC method for monitoring the chemical content dispersed in the hydrolysate liquor after fermented. The...

  • HPLC Analysis for the Monitoring of Fermentation Broth during Ethanol Production as a Biofuel. Hall, Gerald; Reuter, Wilhad M. // LC-GC North America;Jun2007 Application Notebook Suppl, Vol. 25, p52 

    The article focuses on the usefulness of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis in monitoring the production of ethanol as a biofuel in the U.S. HPLC is utilized in monitoring the quantity and quality of ethanol being produced from the fermentable carbohydrates including dextrin,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics