Room temperature ferromagnetism in vacuum annealed ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles

Ayyappan, S.; Raja, S. Philip; Venkateswaran, C.; Philip, John; Raj, Baldev
April 2010
Applied Physics Letters;4/5/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 14, p143106
Academic Journal
We report room temperature ferromagnetism in vacuum annealed ZnFe2O4 (ZFO) nanoparticles. Upon vacuum and air annealing, ZFO nanoparticles show ferro and paramagnetic behavior, respectively. The well defined sextets along with doublet seen in the Mossbauer spectra confirms ferromagnetic coupling in vacuum annealed ZFO. After reannealing in air, the magnetization of vacuum annealed sample reduces from 62 to 1.5 emu/g. Both Mossbauer and micro-Raman results suggest that oxygen vacancies generated during vacuum annealing causes cation redistribution between the interstitial sites resulting in magnetic ordering. Our results show a unique possibility of switching the magnetic properties of ZFO between paramagnetic to ferromagnetic.


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