TITLE

Early treatment with clarithromycin attenuates rat autoimmune myocarditis via inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase activity

AUTHOR(S)
Hishikari, Keiichi; Watanabe, Ryo; Ogawa, Masahito; Suzuki, Jun-ichi; Masumura, Mayumi; Shimizu, Tomoko; Takayama, Kiyoshi; Hirata, Yasunobu; Nagai, Ryozo; Isobe, Mitsuaki
PUB. DATE
April 2010
SOURCE
Heart;Apr2010, Vol. 96 Issue 7, p523
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity is upregulated in the hearts with myocarditis, and its activation contributes to the changes in left ventricular function. A major macrolide antibiotic, clarithromycin (CAM), has many biological functions including MMP regulation. However, little is known about the effect of CAM in myocarditis via MMPs. Objective To clarify the role of MMPs regulated by CAM in the progression of myocarditis. Design CAM was given to experimental rats with autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) from day -7 to day 21 (early treated group, n=6) or from day 1 to day 21 (late treated group, n=6) twice a day. Results Although the non-treated rats showed blood pressure decline and impaired cardiac function, early CAM treatment prevented this progression. Pathologically, severe myocardial cell infiltration (30.5±4.2%) and fibrosis (32.2±1.1%) were detected in the non-treated group, while early CAM treatment significantly suppressed these changes (infiltration 6.5±0.2%, fibrosis 5.9±3.9%). Zymography showed that non-treated EAM resulted in enhanced ventricular activities of MMP-9, while early CAM treatment reduced the alteration. However, late CAM treatment was less effective than the early treatment. Conclusions Early CAM treatment is effective to attenuate myocarditis by suppressing MMP-9.
ACCESSION #
48971544

 

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