Preschool Speech, Language Skills, and Reading at 7, 9, and 10 Years: Etiology of the Relationship

Hayiou-Thomas, Marianna E.; Harlaar, Nicole; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert
April 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2010, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p311
Academic Journal
Purpose: To examine the etiology of the relationship between preschool speech and language, and later reading skills. Method: One thousand six hundred seventy-two children from the Twins Early Development Study (B. R. Oliver & R. Plomin, 2007) were given a comprehensive speech and language assessment at 4½ years. Reading was assessed at 7, 9, and 10 years. Twin analyses were applied to the data to assess the contributions of genetic and environmental factors to the longitudinal relationships between speech and reading, and language and reading. Results: Phenotypically, there is a moderate and stable relationship between 4½-year speech and language scores and reading at 7, 9, and 10 years. Etiologically, at the individual-differences level, both genetic and shared environmental factors contribute to the links between language skills and reading. By contrast, genetic factors account for most of the relationship between early speech and later reading. At the extremes, there appears to be an even stronger role for genetic factors in accounting for the prediction from early speech and language impairments to later reading outcome. Conclusion: Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the relationship between early language skills and reading, whereas genetic factors play a dominant role in the relationship between early speech and reading.


Related Articles

  • Teaching Children to Segment Spoken Words as an Aid to Learning to Read. Skjelfjord, Vebjorn J. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;May1976, Vol. 9 Issue 5 

    Investigates the impact of teaching segmented spoken words on the reading ability of preschool children in Oslo, Norway. Children's segmentation of words during pretesting; Reliance on articulatory information in analyzing words; Grouping of segments according to differences and similarities.

  • A comparison of two methods of administering group reading inventories to diverse learners. Horton, Steven V.; Lovitt, Thomas C. // Remedial & Special Education;Nov94, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p378 

    Examines the level of agreement between two methods of administering group reading inventories of secondary students with diverse learning behaviors. Use of computers for reading text passages; Response to computer test items; Reading of textbook; Response to a pencil and paper comprehension quiz.

  • Language and Literacy Curriculum Supplement for Preschoolers Who Are Academically At Risk: A Feasibility Study. Justice, Laura M.; McGinty, Anita S.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Kilday, Carolyn R.; Knighton, Kathy; Huffman, Ginger // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Apr2010, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p161 

    Purpose: The potential benefit that a low-cost scripted language and literacy curriculum supplement titled "Read It Again!" (RIA; L. M. Justice, A. S. McGinty, A. R. Beckman, & C. R. Kilday, 2006)may have on preschool-age children's skillswas explored. RIA was developed to meet the needs of...

  • Enabling skills in early reading acquisition: A study of children in Latvian kindergartens. Sprugevica, Ieva; Høien, Torleiv // Reading & Writing;Apr2003, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p159 

    Preschool children in Latvia were tested in order to examine the relationships among various enabling skills and early reading performance. A principal component analysis indicated three factors: a phonemic awareness factor, a naming factor, and a short-term memory factor. Multiple regression...

  • THE DIAL: PRESCHOOL SCREENING FOR LEARNING PROBLEMS. Docherty Jr., Edward M. // Journal of Special Education;Summer83, Vol. 17 Issue 2 

    Reports on the use of a formal, objective, normed preschool screening instrument called Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning (DIAL) which is designed specifically for the identification of children with learning problems. Organization of the DIAL subscales; Practical...

  • Kindergarten Behavior Rating as a Predictor of First-Grade Achievement. Wells, M. Gawain; Peterson, George V. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jun/Jul1978, Vol. 11 Issue 6 

    Evaluates the Kindergarten Teachers' Checklist for Screening of Potential Learning Problems (KTC) as a screening technique for identifying kindergarten children who will experience academic difficulties or learning disability-related problems in the first grade. Comparison of children with poor...

  • Predictive Validity of an Abbreviated Screening Battery. Satz, Paul; Friel, Janette // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jun/Jul1978, Vol. 11 Issue 6 

    Assesses the predictive validity of an abbreviated screening battery to determine children's learning ability, given at the beginning of kindergarten. Comparison of the composite discriminant function predictions from kindergarten against the reading outcomes at the end of second grade;...

  • Printing Errors in Kindergarten and the Prediction of Academic Performance. Simner, Marvin L. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Mar1982, Vol. 15 Issue 3 

    Assesses the correlation between kindergarten children's printing from memory and academic performance. Children's printing from memory immediately after seeing each of 41 reversible letters and numbers; Linking of form errors to academic performance at the end of kindergarten and in first...

  • Effects of It Takes Two to Talk--The Hanen Program for Parents of Preschool Children With Cerebral Palsy: Findings From an Exploratory Study. Pennington, Lindsay; Thomson, Kirsty; James, Peter; Martin, Laura; McNally, Richard // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2009, Vol. 52 Issue 5, p1121 

    Purpose: To investigate whether It Takes Two to Talk--The Hanen Program for Parents of Preschool Children With Cerebral Palsy is associated with change in interaction between children who have motor disorders and their parents. Method: Eleven children aged 19-36 months who had nonprogressive...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics