Phonological Awareness, Vocabulary, and Reading in Deaf Children With Cochlear Implants

Johnson, Carol; Goswami, Usha
April 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2010, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p237
Academic Journal
Purpose: To explore the phonological awareness skills of deaf children with cochlear implants (CIs) and relationships with vocabulary and reading development. Method: Forty-three deaf children with implants who were between 5 and 15 years of age were tested; 21 had been implanted at around 2.5 years of age (Early CI group), and 22 had been implanted at around 5 years of age (Late CI group). Two control groups—a deaf hearing aided group (16 children) and a typically developing group of hearing children (19 children) —were also tested. All children received a battery of phonological processing tasks along with measures of reading, vocabulary, and speech-reading. Analyses focus on deaf children within the normal IQ range (n = 53). Results: Age at cochlear implantation had a significant effect on vocabulary and reading outcomes when quotient scores were calculated. Individual differences in age at implant, duration of fit, phonological development, vocabulary development, auditory memory, visual memory, and speech intelligibility were all strongly associated with progress in reading for the deaf implanted children. Patterns differed somewhat depending on whether quotient scores or standard scores were used. Conclusions: Cochlear implantation is associated with development of the oral language, auditory memory, and phonological awareness skills necessary for developing efficient word recognition skills. There is a benefit of earlier implantation.


Related Articles

  • Phonological Awareness, Vocabulary, and Word Reading in Children Who Use Cochlear Implants: Does Age of Implantation Explain Individual Variability in Performance Outcomes and Growth? James, Deborah; Rajput, Kaukab; Brinton, Julie; Goswami, Usha // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Winter2008, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p117 

    The article presents a study regarding the phonological awareness (PA), vocabulary, and word reading in children who use cochlear implants (CI). The study showed that children fitted before age five had higher performance outcomes at the three year postimplant period and higher growth rates over...

  • Differences in children's sound production when speaking with a cochlear implant turned on and... Tye-Murray, Nancy; Spencer, Linda // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Jun96, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p604 

    Relates children's auditory-only speech recognition skills and overall speech intelligibility to their responses to a cochlear implant device-off condition. Speech production; Sample transaction; Comparison of device-on and device-off conditions; Transcription reliability.

  • Speech Intelligibility of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Recipients With 7 Years of Device Experience. Shu-Chen Peng; Spencer, Linda J.; Tomblin, J. Bruce // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2004, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p1227 

    Speech intelligibility of 24 prelingually deaf pediatric cochlear implant (CI) recipients with 84 months of device experience was investigated. Each CI participant's speech samples were judged by a panel of 3 listeners. Intelligibility scores were calculated as the average of the 3 listeners'...

  • Phonological Awareness in Deaf Children Who Use Cochlear Implants. James, Deborah; Rajput, Kaukab; Brown, Tracey; Sirimanna, Tony; Brinton, Julie; Goswami, Usha // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2005, Vol. 48 Issue 6, p1511 

    A short-term longitudinal study was conducted to investigate possible benefits of cochlear implant (CI) use on the development of phonological awareness in deaf children. Nineteen CI users were tested on 2 occasions. Two groups of deaf children using hearing aids were tested once: 11 profoundly...

  • Speech development in children after cochlear implantation. Bakhshaee, Mehdi; Ghasemi, Mohammad Mahdi; Shakeri, Mohammad Taghi; Razmara, Narjes; Tayarani, Hamid; Tale, Mohammad Reza // European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology;Nov2007, Vol. 264 Issue 11, p1263 

    We evaluated the long-term speech intelligibility of young deaf children after cochlear implantation (CI). A prospective study on 47 consecutively implanted deaf children with up to 5 years cochlear implant use was performed. The study was conducted at a pediatric tertiary referral center for...

  • Long-Term Trajectories of the Development of Speech Sound Production in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Recipients. Tomblin, J. Bruce; Shu-Chen Peng; Spencer, Linda J.; Lu, Nelson // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2008, Vol. 51 Issue 5, p1353 

    Purpose: This study characterized the development of speech sound production in prelingually deaf children with a minimum of 8 years of cochlear implant (CI) experience. Method: Twenty-seven pediatric CI recipients' spontaneous speech samples from annual evaluation sessions were phonemically...

  • Letting the deaf be deaf. Crouch, Robert A. // Hastings Center Report;Jul/Aug97, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p14 

    Argues against the use of cochlear implants in perlingually deaf children. Theoretical possibility of enabling perlingual deaf children to hear through cochlear implants; Conditions for the facilitation of the entrance of the previously deaf child into the hearing community; Need for medical...

  • Wired for Sound.  // Medical Update;Jul2002, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p7 

    Tackles the benefits from cochlear implants, an electronic device surgically implanted into the inner ear to aid deaf children cope with hearing loss.

  • Hearing without ears: Do cochlear implants work in children? O'Donoghue, Gerard M // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);01/09/99, Vol. 318 Issue 7176, p72 

    Editorial. Discusses whether cochlear implants work on deaf children. Statistics on the number of children in the United kingdom born with hearing losses; Limitations of hearing aids; Benefits of cochlear implantation.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics