TITLE

Simulations of plasma heating caused by the coalescence of multiple current loops in a proton-boron fusion plasma

AUTHOR(S)
Haruki, T.; Yousefi, H. R.; Sakai, J.-I.
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Physics of Plasmas;Mar2010, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p032504
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Two dimensional particle-in-cell simulations of a dense plasma focus were performed to investigate a plasma heating process caused by the coalescence of multiple current loops in a proton-boron-electron plasma. Recently, it was reported that the electric field produced during the coalescence of two current loops in a proton-boron-electron plasma heats up all plasma species; proton-boron nuclear fusion may therefore be achievable using a dense plasma focus device. Based on this work, the coalescence process for four and eight current loops was investigated. It was found that the return current plays an important role in both the current pinch and the plasma heating. The coalescence of four current loops led to the breakup of the return current from the pinched plasma, resulting in plasma heating. For the coalescence of eight current loops, the plasma was confined by the pinch but the plasma heating was smaller than the two and four loop cases. Therefore the heating associated with current loop coalescence depends on the number of initial current loops. These results are useful for understanding the coalescence of multiple current loops in a proton-boron-electron plasma.
ACCESSION #
48912138

 

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