Electronic temperatures, densities, and plasma x-ray emission of a 14.5 GHz electron-cyclotron resonance ion source

Gumberidze, A.; Trassinelli, M.; Adrouche, N.; Szabo, C. I.; Indelicato, P.; Haranger, F.; Isac, J.-M.; Lamour, E.; Le Bigot, E.-O.; Mérot, J.; Prigent, C.; Rozet, J.-P.; Vernhet, D.
March 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Mar2010, Vol. 81 Issue 3, p033303
Academic Journal
We have performed a systematic study of the bremsstrahlung emission from the electrons in the plasma of a commercial 14.5 GHz electron-cyclotron resonance ion source. The electronic spectral temperature and the product of ionic and electronic densities of the plasma are measured by analyzing the bremsstrahlung spectra recorded for several rare gases (Ar, Kr, and Xe) as a function of the injected power. Within our uncertainty, we find an average temperature of ≈48 keV above 100 W, with a weak dependency on the injected power and gas composition. Charge state distributions of extracted ion beams have been determined as well, providing a way to disentangle the ionic density from the electronic density. Moreover x-ray emission from highly charged argon ions in the plasma has been observed with a high-resolution mosaic-crystal spectrometer, demonstrating the feasibility for high-precision measurements of transition energies of highly charged ions, in particular, of the magnetic dipole (M1) transition of He-like of argon ions.


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