The Topicalities of the Preparation of the Territory Planning Documents for the Deposits of Mineral Resources

Sudonienė, Vilma; Atkocevičienė, Virginija
January 2009
Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference: Rural De;2009, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p145
Conference Proceeding
Territory planning is one of the first works preserving and using the underground resources. Possibilities to properly use underground resources depend upon the quality of the fulfilment of these works. Mineral resources occupy significant part in the national property of the state and should be properly recorded, protected, rationally used, their territories should be properly planned and society should be acquainted with the problems of the use of mineral resources. Only with reliable information on the underground resources, their use, processes and problems occurring in them it is possible to properly improve their territory planning. The Lithuanian Geological Survey under the Ministry of Environment manages the Registry of the underground resources, disposes of the entire information on the mineral resources and renders it to all wishing physical and juridical persons according to the order set by laws. Besides, this geological survey summarizes the data on mineral resources, compiles state maps of mineral resources at scales M 1:200 000 and M 1:50 000, carries out the analysis of the use of mineral resources. As it is declared in the Law on the restoration of citizens' ownership rights to the extant realty, the land in the territory of the unexploited deposits of located mineral resources is returned to citizens for the limited purposive use. The territories of exploited deposits of mineral resources are attributed to the state redeemable land. Following the Law on the land reform it was determined that land cannot be non-privatised, if there are mineral resources in the territory of exploited deposits. These territories are marked in the plans of the state redeemable and non-privatised land. The land, situated in the territories of the located mineral resources of unexploited deposits (except when land is returned in kind as well as land plots given to the privatised premises and individual farms), is privatised according to the separate decisions of the Government. The solutions over the return of the land, over the giving unrequitedly to property in equivalent, over the rendering of land plot unrequitedly to property are taken and the buy-sell agreements of the state land are made, if a person agree to special usage conditions (for lands, forests and water reservoirs), land servitudes and farming activity restrictions set in the land reform land management projects of the bought land plot or in other territory planning documents. The owners, who do not meet the special usage conditions for the land, forests and water reservoirs, should carry responsibility set by laws. The aim of the article was to analyse the territory planning of the deposits of mineral resources as well as problems that persons, wishing to use mineral resources, deal with. The object of the investigation was the territory of the Republic of Lithuania and mineral resources. Tasks to be sold were as follows: to analyse restoration of ownership rights in the territories of mineral resources, the territory planning of the deposits of mineral resources as well as problems connected with it, legal acts regulating these processes; to discuss permissions for the location and extraction of mineral resources; to discuss the Registry of underground resources; to discuss the fertile soil layer preservation and the recultivation of quarries.



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