Nutritional Status of Children below Five Years in Malaysia: Anthropometric Analyses from the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS, 2006)

Khor, G. L.; Safiza, M. N. Noor; Jamalludin, A. B.; Jamaiyah, H.; Geeta, A.; Kee, C. C.; Rahmah, R.; Wong, N. F. Alan; Suzana, S.; Ahmad, A. Z.; Ruzita, A. T.; Ahmad, F. Y.
September 2009
Malaysian Journal of Nutrition;2009, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p121
Academic Journal
The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) was conducted in 2006 on a nationally representative sample of population in Malaysia. Over 21,000 children aged 0-17.9 years were measured for body weight and stature according to the protocol of the World Health Organization. This article describes the nutritional status of children aged 0-59.9 months. Mean z score for weightfor- age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age were compared with the z-scores tables of the WHO standards. The overall prevalence of underweight and stunting of the children were 12.9% and 17.2% respectively. These levels included 2.4% severe underweight and 6.0% severe stunting. In terms of z scores, the age group of 0-5.9 months showed the best nutritional status with mean WAZ of -0.33 (95%CI: -0.52, 0.15) and -0.40 (-0.57, 0.24) for boys and girls respectively, while mean HAZ was 0.64 (0.38, 0.89) for boys and 0.76 (0.54, 0.98) for girls. Mean HAZ and WAZ status was least satisfactory after about 6 months, suggesting a faltering in growth rate at an age that coincides with dependence on complementary feeding. Prevalence of overweight based on BMI-for-age for the sexes combined was 6.4%, while that based on WAZ was 3.4%. The NHMS III results indicate that Malaysian children have better nutritional status compared to children under 5 years in neighbouring countries. In order to meet the targets set in the National Plan of Nutrition (2006-2015), more effective intervention programmes are needed to accelerate the reduction of underweight and stunting, and to arrest the rise of overweight in young children.


Related Articles

  • Weighing obesity stigma: the relative strength of different forms of bias. Latner, J D; O'Brien, K S; Durso, L E; Brinkman, L A; MacDonald, T // International Journal of Obesity;Jul2008, Vol. 32 Issue 7, p1145 

    Objective:To compare the strength of weight bias to other common biases, and to develop a psychometrically sound measure to assess and compare bias against different targets.Subjects:A total of 368 university students (75.4% women, 47.6% white, mean age: 21.53 years, mean body mass index (BMI):...

  • Concordancia entre gasto energético y reposo medido y estimado por fórmulas predictivas en mujeres con obesidad severa y mórbida. Carrasco, F.; Rojas, P.; Ruz, M.; Rebolledo, A.; Mizón, C.; Codoceo, J.; Inostroza, J.; Papapietro, K.; Csendes, A. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;jul/ago2007, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p410 

    To compare measured resting energy expenditure (REE) with that predicted by formulas derived from populations with normal weight or obesity and from women with severe and morbid obesity. Material and methods: 66 women (aged 35.6 ± 10.3 y and BMI of 44.7 ± 4.9 kg/m²) were evaluated by...

  • Defining Body Fatness in Adolescents: A Proposal of the Afad-A Classification. Bibiloni, María del Mar; Pons, Antoni; Tur, Josep A. // PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    Aims: Body mass index (BMI) shows several limitations as indicator of fatness. Using the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) reference and the World Health Organization (WHO) standard 2007 on the same dataset yielded widely different rates. At higher levels, BMI and the BMI cut-offs may be...

  • BMI screening in schools: helpful or harmful. Ikeda, Joanne P.; Crawford, Patricia B.; Woodward-Lopez, Gail // Health Education Research;Dec2006, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p761 

    This is a comprehensive review of policies and research regarding body mass index (BMI) screening in schools in the United Kingdom and the United States. Although there are potential benefits to conducting screenings in schools, there is also the potential to do harm to the children who are...

  • Validity of self-reported height and weight for estimating prevalence of overweight among Estonian adolescents: the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Aasvee, Katrin; Rasmussen, Mette; Kelly, Colette; Kurvinen, Elvira; Giacchi, Mariano Vincenzo; Ahluwalia, Namanjeet // BMC Research Notes;10/26/2015, Vol. 8, p1 

    Background: Low to moderate agreement between self-reported and directly measured anthropometry is shown in studies for adults and children. However, this issue needs further evaluation during puberty, a period marked by several transitions. We examined the correspondence of BMI status based on...

  • Status of Obesity in Terms of Body Mass Index among Indian Air Force Personnel. Robert Varte, L.; Majumdar, D.; Rawat, Shweta; Inderjeet Singh // Al Ameen Journal of Medical Sciences;2011, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p379 

    Introduction: This paper investigates the prevalence of obesity (BMI >30 kg/m²) among five geographical groups of Indian Air Force personnel of different age. Purpose of study: To observe the status of obesity among IAF and see whether there is age-wise and regional difference in obesity...

  • Promoter polymorphism in the macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene is associated with obesity. Sakaue, S.; Ishimaru, S.; Hizawa, N.; Ohtsuka, Y.; Tsujino, I.; Honda, T.; Suzuki, J.; Kawakami, Y.; Nishihira, J.; Nishimura, M. // International Journal of Obesity;Feb2006, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p238 

    Objective:To explore the association of promoter polymorphisms of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene with obesity.Subjects:In total, 213 nondiabetic Japanese subjects. They were divided into three groups according to World Health Organization definitions: lean (body mass index...

  • Prevalencia de obesidad en adultos mexicanos, ENSANUT 2012. Barquera, Simón; Campos-Nonato, Ismael; Hernández-Barrera, Lucía; Pedroza-Tobías, Andrea; Rivera-Dommarco, Juan A. // Salud Pública de México;2013 supplement 2, Vol. 55, pS151 

    Objective. To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Mexican adults ≥20 y of age, as well as to describe its trends in the last three Mexican health surveys. Materials and methods. A sample of 38 208 adults with anthropometric's. The classification to categorize body mass...

  • Estado nutricional e consumo alimentar de adolescentes da rede pública de ensino da cidade de São Mateus do Sul, Paraná, Brasil. Bertin, Renata Labronici; Karkle, Elisa Noemberg Lazzari; Ulbrich, Anderson Zampier; Neto, Antônio Stabelini; Bozza, Rodrigo; Araujo, Italo Quenni; de Campos, Wagner // Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil;oct-dez2008, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p435 

    Objectives: to characterize the nutritional status and dietary intake of adolescents attending public schools in the city of São Mateus do Sul, in the State of Paraná, Brazil. Methods: the Body Mass Index was calculated and classified as proposed by the World Health Organization. Dietary...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics