TITLE

Social Symbols, Stigma, and the Labor Market Experiences of Former Prisoners

AUTHOR(S)
Owens Jr., Carl D.
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Correctional Education;Dec2009, Vol. 60 Issue 4, p316
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Can college participation have any meaningful effects for former prisoners, beyond quantifiable measures of recidivism and income? Although stigma, overt discrimination, and a shrinking low-skilled labor market form notable challenges to reentry, some studies suggest that college experience helps former prisoners successfully avoid recidivism. Nevertheless, scholars continue to debate how college may work as a mechanism for reducing criminal activity. Proposing that college increases former prisoners' access to mainstream opportunities and holds particular implications in the labor market; this paper revises Lofland's normal-smith theory to identify a new kind of institution coined: the 'opportunity-smith'. Thematic content analysis of data gathered through interviews with seventeen formerly incarcerated college students suggests that the credentials and skills acquired through college participation help formerly incarcerated individuals successfully face the challenges of reentry.
ACCESSION #
48588876

 

Related Articles

  • Rethinking Prisoner Reentry in Harlem. Krontiris, Kate; Watler, Christopher // Harvard Journal of African American Public Policy;2009-2010, Vol. 16, p73 

    This article profiles a local reentry collaborative based in New York City's Harlem neighborhood. It examines this initiative in the context of prison reform efforts currently underway in New York State. After briefly summarizing historical patterns of incarceration in the state and the effects...

  • Current Challenges for the Social and Professional Reintegration of Young Drug Users: Motivation through and for Work. Tomiţă, Mihaela; Şleam, Adela // Social Work Review / Revista de Asistenta Sociala;2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p163 

    Adolescence is seen as a critical period regarding the adoption of a behavior of drug consumption that leads to absenteeism, respectively dropout. But adolescence is the period during which individuals realize their own preferences regarding their educational and vocational route. The...

  • Pa. Program Helps Parolees. Attanasio, Joseph // Corrections Today;Jan/Feb2014, Vol. 76 Issue 1, p80 

    The article focuses on the collaboration of the Crispus Attucks Re-Entry Project and the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections to better offer services to local residents who have been released from prison and are at risk for recidivism.

  • Islam in Europe : Current Trends and Future Challenges. Imbo, Samuel O. // Philosophia Africana;Fall2010/Spring2011, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p53 

    The article focuses on the issues related to the development of Muslim culture in Europe. It focuses on the negative portrayals and stereotyping of Muslims in the media, and impact of Islam on the secular values of European countries. It refers to a faculty seminar, titled "Muslim Communities in...

  • Lefties in Their Right Mind. Cicchelli, Sara // 21st Century;Jan95, Vol. 6 Issue 5, p24 

    The article discusses being left-handed. In the Colonial days, being left-handed is considered a bad omen because the left hand was considered the hand of the devil and people who are left-handed are accused of witchcraft. According to the theory of some scientists, left-handed is caused by...

  • Abortion -- ending the taboo. Greenway, Jane // British Journal of Nursing;6/25/2009, Vol. 18 Issue 12, p714 

    In this article the author discusses social taboos that are related to abortion. She is critical of social stigmas related to abortion and of alienation and social disapproval which women who decide to have abortions are subjected to. Also discussed are medical issues that are found in countries...

  • Stereotyping of people with dementia counterproductive. Kondro, Wayne // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;11/6/2012, Vol. 184 Issue 16, pE849 

    The article reports on an online global survey which found that the stigma associated with dementia prevents people from acknowledging symptoms and obtaining treatment. The survey of 2,500 people with dementia and their families or informal caregivers from 54 countries indicate that the...

  • Stigma. Byrne, Peter // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul2009, Vol. 195 Issue 1, p80 

    A definition to the term "stigma," is presented. It refers to a prejudice founded on stereotypes resulting to discrimination, which ranges from simple avoidance through exit life events and institutional discrimination such as denial of health interventions, insurance and jury service. The...

  • Fright Night. Snyder, Sarah // Teen Ink;Feb2000, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p26 

    The author reflects on the stereotype behavior. She says she got scared upon seeing a group of guys wearing baggy pants, Fubu shirts and black stocking hats. The author claims that movies promote the stereotype that guys wearing baggy clothes are bad. She points out that although it is wrong to...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics