Hoffmann, Stanley
December 1981
Foreign Affairs;Winter81/82, Vol. 60 Issue 2, p327
Academic Journal
This article discusses the issues concerning the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) decision of December 1979 to deploy by 1983 long-range nuclear forces in the European theater and to enter into arms control negotiations with the Soviets about such forces. The history of the Atlantic Alliance is a history of crises. But distinction should be placed between the routine difficulties engendered by Western Europe's dependence on the U.S. for its security, as well as by the economic interdependence of the allies, and major breakdowns or misunderstandings which reveal not simply an inevitable divergence of interests but dramatically different views of the world and priorities. As of 1981, complaints from West European leaders about the effects of high U.S. interest rates on their economies, or about U.S. President Ronald Reagan's skeptical approach to North-South economic issues, belong in the first category. The controversy in Europe over nuclear weapons belongs in the second, and confronts the Alliance with one of its most dangerous tests. The widespread West European popular movement opposed to the new deployments indicates both the existence in several nations of a broad politically destabilizing gap between government and a sizable, mobilized section of the public, and a growing divorce of feelings and perceptions between two sides of the Atlantic.


Related Articles

  • Atoms for Peace after 50 Years. Schock, Robert N.; Vergino, Eileen S.; Joeck, Neil; Lehman, Ronald F. // Issues in Science & Technology;Spring2004, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p37 

    Discusses issues on the use of nuclear technology. Outlook for the future of nuclear technology; Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear weapons; Areas of international security. INSET: Excerpts from Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" speech.

  • U.S. Tactical Nuclear Weapons More an Irritant Than Deterrent. Wellen, Russ // Foreign Policy in Focus;6/26/2013, p3 

    The article discusses how Pakistan views the presence of tactical nuclear weapons as an addition to their arsenal. Pakistan believes that its tactical nuclear weapons may dissuade India from thinking of conventional punitive retaliation even if there is another Mumbai, India like attack. It...

  • No to nukes.  // New Scientist;4/22/2006, Vol. 189 Issue 2548, p7 

    This article reports that thirteen high-profile physicists, including five Nobel laureates, have written to U.S. President George W. Bush warning him not to use tactical nuclear weapons. To do so would threaten life on this planet, says Jorge Hirsch, a solid-state physicist at the University of...

  • TACTICAL PROBLEM ATOMIC WEAPONS AND THE OF ULTIMATE CONTROL. Inglis, David R. // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;Mar1952, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p79 

    The article discusses the implications of the atomic arms race and cites possible solutions to avert its catastrophic outcome. The strategic use of atomic bombs in warfare invites proliferation of its development in which case a need for an atomic armament control plan is deemed necessary....

  • Time for Europeans to debate the presence of tactical nukes. Miettinen, Jorma K. // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;May1976, Vol. 32 Issue 5, p18 

    The article presents a discussion of the views of the Europeans regarding the tactical nuclear weapons being an acute problem. The subject of tactical nuclear weapons has been openly debated by all the European states ever since the United States brought these weapons to Europe several years...

  • Nonstrategic nuclear weapons, 2012. Kristensen, Hans M.; Norris, Robert S. // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;Sep2012, Vol. 68 Issue 5, p96 

    In this Nuclear Notebook, the authors write about nonstrategic nuclear weapons—starting with the difficulty of finding a universal definition for them. Although the United States and Russia have reduced their nonstrategic stockpiles, significant inventories remain. And other nuclear...

  • Israel and the Nuclear Option.  // Middle East Reporter (Weekly Edition);4/24/2010, Vol. 137 Issue 1199, p12 

    The article focuses on the report written by Middle East analysts Anthony Cordesman and Abdullah Toukan entitled "Options in Dealing with Iran's Nuclear Program." According to the report, there will be significant political implications if Israel used tactical nuclear weapons against Iran. The...

  • Russian armory remains huge. Mann, Paul // Aviation Week & Space Technology;9/7/1998, Vol. 149 Issue 10, p64 

    States that Russia retains thousands of nuclear weapons, despite considerable reductions under the first United States/Soviet Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START 1). Data on the number of intercontinental ballistic missile launchers from `Tracking Nuclear Proliferation,' a book published by...

  • Impact of the induction of tactical nuclear weapons by Pakistan on overall deterrence. HUSSAIN, JAMAL // Defence Journal;Feb2014, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p22 

    The author discusses aspects on the impact of the induction of tactical nuclear weapons made by Pakistan on the overall nuclear deterrence. Topics discussed include the nuclear weapons club, the possession or development of tactical nuclear weapons, and the mutually assured destruction (MAD)....


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics