TITLE

NATO AND NUCLEAR WEAPONS: REASONS AND UNREASON

AUTHOR(S)
Hoffmann, Stanley
PUB. DATE
December 1981
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Winter81/82, Vol. 60 Issue 2, p327
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article discusses the issues concerning the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) decision of December 1979 to deploy by 1983 long-range nuclear forces in the European theater and to enter into arms control negotiations with the Soviets about such forces. The history of the Atlantic Alliance is a history of crises. But distinction should be placed between the routine difficulties engendered by Western Europe's dependence on the U.S. for its security, as well as by the economic interdependence of the allies, and major breakdowns or misunderstandings which reveal not simply an inevitable divergence of interests but dramatically different views of the world and priorities. As of 1981, complaints from West European leaders about the effects of high U.S. interest rates on their economies, or about U.S. President Ronald Reagan's skeptical approach to North-South economic issues, belong in the first category. The controversy in Europe over nuclear weapons belongs in the second, and confronts the Alliance with one of its most dangerous tests. The widespread West European popular movement opposed to the new deployments indicates both the existence in several nations of a broad politically destabilizing gap between government and a sizable, mobilized section of the public, and a growing divorce of feelings and perceptions between two sides of the Atlantic.
ACCESSION #
4854428

 

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