TITLE

STRATEGY IN THE DECADE OF THE 1980s

AUTHOR(S)
Nitze, Paul H.
PUB. DATE
September 1980
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Fall1980, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p82
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article presents the author's opinion on an approach to a more coherent strategy on U.S. foreign policy. Policy deals more specifically with what should be the general aims and lines of action in a given era and thus changes somewhat over time depending on basic changes in the world situation. A key to economics, however, is politics, both domestic and foreign. In the world political arena the influence of the U.S. has diminished. Ever since the end of World War II it has been U.S. policy to support the independence of Western Europe and Japan from Soviet control. As one looks into the 1980s, it is clear that the Soviet threat has increased and that the adequacy of western means to resist it has become more uncertain. It is important to continue with the constructive task of adapting the system of political and economic world order to changed circumstances, but the reactive, defensive aspects of western strategy must again play a more important role. We must rid our minds of the fallacy that the concepts of détente and deterrence absolve us from concern with the possibility of military confrontations and the probable outcomes of such confrontations. We should seek to end the alienation of the U.S. middle class from our military. In the case of energy, the short- and medium-range problem is to reduce our dependence on Middle Eastern oil--both to strengthen our hand in the Middle East and to reduce the serious frictions with our major allies that arise from what they rightly perceive as excessive American oil consumption and oil import requirements that contribute directly to their own economic and political problems.
ACCESSION #
4854300

 

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