TITLE

IS ESPIONAGE NECESSARY FOR OUR SECURITY?

AUTHOR(S)
Scoville Jr., Herbert
PUB. DATE
April 1976
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Apr1976, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p482
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article discusses whether or not espionage or counterintelligence operations is necessary for the national security in the United States. Before making a decision on this score, the importance of covert operations to the U.S. security should be evaluated and balanced against their risks. Covert operations for intelligence collection, which have not had the same public attention, require much more through consideration. Such operations involve the recruiting of agents in foreign nations, encouraging the defection of knowledgeable individuals, audi-surveillance, and other techniques falling under the general heading of espionage. The information sought by clandestine means may include not only positive intelligence on the plans and programs of other nations but also the quite category of counterintelligence on threats from foreign intelligence or terrorist groups. In sum, espionage would appear to have a limited but nevertheless critical potential as a source of intelligence information. For counterintelligence, cover agent operations are probably irreplaceable. However, on the national security and military activities within the Sino-Soviet blocs, it will rarely supply data of any great value or data easily usable for decision-making in a democratic society; it is here therefore, a relatively unimportant and less reliable adjunct to technical methods of collection such as satellite photography and communications and other electronic monitoring.
ACCESSION #
4854156

 

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