Smith, Gerard; Rathjens, George
March 1981
Foreign Affairs;Spring81, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p875
The article assesses the importance of the nuclear nonproliferation policy of the U.S. in its effort to prevent the spread of nuclear power facilities. Under the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which entered into force in 1970, non-weapons states which signed the treaty foreswore nuclear explosives and agreed to accept inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency of their nuclear programs to verify that material was not being diverted to military purposes. In return, the treaty assured them that there would be no limitation on nuclear commerce or on the spread of nuclear facilities, and that the full development of nuclear power would be assisted and promoted. There were two weaknesses in the NPT. First, a number of nations with substantial nuclear power programs did not accede to it, notably India, Pakistan, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa and Israel. And second, by the late '70s it appeared to many, including the U.S. government, that the treaty was inadequate even for parties to it, because inspection alone might not provide timely warning of diversions for nuclear-weapons purposes.


Related Articles

  • The Nuclear Option. Odom, William E. // Foreign Policy;May/Jun2007, Issue 160, p51 

    The author discusses how the United States' policy toward nuclear weapons in foreign countries has increased nuclear proliferation and threatened regional stability. The U.S. acceptance of India and Pakistan's nuclear programs has undermined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Attempts at...

  • Iranian Perspectives on the Global Elimination of Nuclear Weapons. Ehteshami, Anoushiravan // Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture;Mar2010, Vol. 16 Issue 3/4, p20 

    The article presents the author's statements Iran's points of view concerning the worldwide eradication of nuclear weapons. The author mentions the implementation of the nuclear program in the country as well as its participation to nuclear-related activities. The author notes the establishment...

  • SYRIA-IRAN-NUKE.  // Middle East Reporter (Daily Edition);3/2/2010, Vol. 190 Issue 4800, p9 

    The article reports on the views of Yukiya Amano, the new chairman of the Vienna, Austria-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), on the involvement of Syria and Iran in the nuclear issue. At the IAEA meeting, Amano said that the two countries are not collaborating with the agency...

  • International Responses to Iranian Nuclear Defiance: The Non-Aligned Movement and the Issue of Non-Compliance. Ogilvie-White, Tanya // European Journal of International Law;Jun2007, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p453 

    This article explores the responses of the non-nuclear-weapon states (NNWS) to Iran's violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), focusing on the stance adopted by members of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In February 2006, key NAM...

  • Nuclear Suppliers Group's Statement on Civil Nuclear Cooperation with India.  // Nuclear Law Bulletin;2008, Issue 82, p83 

    The article presents the text of the Nuclear Suppliers Group's statement on civil cooperation with India. The members of the group decided to contribute to the effectiveness and integrity of the global nonproliferation regime, seek to avert the further spread of nuclear weapons and note the...

  • International Safeguards in Nuclear Weapon States and a Look at the Future. Jorant, Caroline // Journal of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management;Spring2010, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p108 

    This paper shall review the framework for applying international safeguards in the five nuclear weapon states and give an overview of their implementation. It, shall then discuss some reasons for an evolution of those states and the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) commitments to...

  • On Iran, an Unsmoking Nongun. Hart, Peter // Extra!;Jan2012, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p12 

    The article focuses on the release of a report from the United Nations (UN) on the Iranian nuclear programin November 2011. It is reported by American journalist Scott Pelley that the International Atomic Energy Agency will be announcing on the development of Iran's nuclear bomb. It is said that...

  • U.S.--India Nuclear Cooperation and Non-Proliferation. Mannully, Yash Thomas // Nuclear Law Bulletin;2008, Issue 82, p9 

    The article discusses the developments which led to the U.S.-India Nuclear Cooperation Agreement and its implementation in the context of international relations and non-proliferation. It states that the agreement will lead to the separation of military and civilian nuclear installations in...

  • Atomic agency to give verdict on Iran. Butler, Declan // Nature;2/14/2008, Vol. 451 Issue 7180, p750 

    The article reports on the completion of the investigation and study of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) into the nuclear activities of Iran by February 20, 2008. IAEA's investigation of the remains of the physics research center at Lavizan-Shian in northeastern Tehran, suspected as...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics