TITLE

REASSESSING NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION POLICY

AUTHOR(S)
Smith, Gerard; Rathjens, George
PUB. DATE
March 1981
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Spring81, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p875
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article assesses the importance of the nuclear nonproliferation policy of the U.S. in its effort to prevent the spread of nuclear power facilities. Under the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which entered into force in 1970, non-weapons states which signed the treaty foreswore nuclear explosives and agreed to accept inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency of their nuclear programs to verify that material was not being diverted to military purposes. In return, the treaty assured them that there would be no limitation on nuclear commerce or on the spread of nuclear facilities, and that the full development of nuclear power would be assisted and promoted. There were two weaknesses in the NPT. First, a number of nations with substantial nuclear power programs did not accede to it, notably India, Pakistan, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa and Israel. And second, by the late '70s it appeared to many, including the U.S. government, that the treaty was inadequate even for parties to it, because inspection alone might not provide timely warning of diversions for nuclear-weapons purposes.
ACCESSION #
4854039

 

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