Lellouche, Pierre
December 1979
Foreign Affairs;Winter79/80, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p336
This article discusses the conclusion of the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation in February 1980. In carrying out a detailed analysis of the technical, economic and institutional aspects of nuclear energy development throughout the world, the Evaluation has sought to reconcile the need for nuclear power in many nations with the prevention of a further spread of atomic weapons from civilian fuel cycles. While the problem of achieving a stable balance between nuclear power development and nonproliferation has been a constant dilemma since the 1950's, an international consensus on this issue has never seemed so unattainable as today. This is due in part to the growing military and energy insecurity shared by most nations of the world which has resulted in making nonproliferation a very costly proposition, both economically and militarily. In order to measure the complexity of the problem it must be remembered that when the Evaluation was launched the international nonproliferation controversy had reached a peak. Essentially, two distinct, though interconnected, areas of conflict had emerged. On the substance, however, the Evaluation did not and indeed could not succeed in reconciling the various national points of view about nuclear energy development into a single nonproliferation strategy for the future.


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