TITLE

PEACEMAKING: THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT

AUTHOR(S)
Avineri, Shlomo
PUB. DATE
September 1978
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Fall1978, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p51
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article investigates the U.S. approaches to the resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict in 1973. The strategies employed by the country in trying to achieve a settlement in the Middle East were completely overhauled on the coming into power of U.S. President Jimmy Carter in January 1977, and the rules of the game have not been the same since then. While this strategy has not moved the Middle East perceptibly nearer to a settlement accepted by all sides concerned, it has created stasis in many aspects of Middle Eastern affairs and significantly weakened the bargaining position of the U.S. and its clout in pushing the contending sides in the area toward eventual agreement. It could also be argued that this strategy has contributed to the general public unease in the U.S. and abroad about some aspects of Carter's administration and its grip on policy decisions. Prior to 1977, there had been a number of tacit assumptions underlying U.S. attitudes toward the peacemaking process in the Middle East, which were particularly evident during 1973 to 1976. These involved a fine balancing of the commitment of the U.S. to Israel with its obvious interests, economic, political and military, in the Arab world, culminating in the astute turnaround from Egypt's pro-Soviet stance to an orientation toward the U.S. and the latter's chief ally in the Arab world, Saudi Arabia.
ACCESSION #
4853850

 

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