Manning, Bayless
January 1976
Foreign Affairs;Jan1976, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p270
This article focuses on the U.S. foreign policy from 1940 until about 1965. The goals of World War II were simple and clear: the utter extermination of Hitlerian nazism and its Japanese counterpart. At the end of World War II, the U.S. developed a grand global vision grounded in traditional liberal economics, free trade, anticolonialism and parliamentarianism. The dominant drive of U.S. foreign policy increasingly became anti-communism and global Soviet containment, a secondary theme was the desire to help develop a united, democratic Europe that would forever preclude another European-centered world war; and a third motif was decolonization and, somewhat less wholeheartedly, assistance in the untried experiment of bringing modern economic development to the unindustrialized world. The nation's resolution to defend itself against attack remains unimpaired. Similarly, a direct Soviet military assault on Western Europe, Japan or Canada would be met with the U.S. military retaliation. In the long view, the surest way for the U.S. to influence the ideological future of mankind everywhere is by being sure that we present an unwavering example of commitment to our principles at home.


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