Rudolph, Lloyd I.; Rudolph, Susanne Hoeber
July 1977
Foreign Affairs;Jul1977, Vol. 55 Issue 4
Rarely has a country experienced so curious and kaleidoscopic a set of political changes as India since 1975. No one is very surprised when a developing nation turns authoritarian. The complexity of modernization itself seems sufficient explanation, it not justification. But a developing country whose authoritarian ruler reveals herself to be genuinely ambivalent about liberal and authoritarian strategies who chooses to legitimize her position through an honest election and accepts her ensuing defeat with grace deserves attention. When Indira Gandhi's Congress Party government was defeated in March by a loose coalition under the umbrella of the Janata Party, India's repudiation of an authoritarian regime was in stunning contrast to the ways in which similar crimes in Portugal, Spain and Greece were changed.


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