Whitaker, Jennifer Seymour
October 1975
Foreign Affairs;Oct75, Vol. 54 Issue 1, p173
Academic Journal
The article highlights issues discussed at the International Women's Year Conference held in Mexico City, Mexico, in June 1975. In fact, the women's revolution was immediately faced by what seemed like a counterrevolution--the delegates from the developing countries appeared for a time so intent on the redistribution of resources between rich and poor that the redistribution of power between men and women seemed for them a competing priority. Women's issues remained paramount and a good deal of common ground was established there. Western women are often more openly bitter about their situation, and feel that this is justified. Much further along the feminist spectrum, however, the outlines of a truly radical position vis-à-vis contemporary society are evident. By and large, women from the poorer countries view the world from the vantage point of an ideology combining elements of Fabian socialism, Marxism, and, most importantly, anticolonialism. The educated class to which they belong has in recent years become increasingly imbued with this evolving Third World ideology. Third World women also stressed the problems of rural rather than urban women, they are, in Chinese Communist Party leader Mao Zedong's formulation, the countryside of the world, and the great bulk of their female labor force is in agriculture. From the level of awareness of women at the conference, it would seem that the goals of sharing in public power and in domestic responsibility were widely appreciated.


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