Simonet, Henri
April 1975
Foreign Affairs;Apr1975, Vol. 53 Issue 3, p450
The article presents information about the speech "Year of Europe," made by Henry Kissinger, secretary of state in April 1973. It was, one will remember, rapidly construed by some member countries of the European Economic Community (EEC) as a device to restore American leadership in an Alliance weakened by years of tussle between the EEC and the United States. The two sides had been at variance over money, trade and defense, to mention only the major issues. And the then-Special Assistant to the President already perceived the emerging issue of energy as one of the most ominous problems that faced the industrialized countries. Unfortunately, although he referred to this issue in the April 1973 speech, the U.S. itself was hardly moving toward a national energy policy, while in Europe the EEC preferred to ignore the problem almost completely, as was evidenced by the abortive meeting of the Energy Ministers of the Community in May of 1973. So Kissinger's call elicited from the Community countries only an evasive reaction. First, they decided essentially to ignore the American demand that trade, money and defense should be seen in a common perspective. Then they insisted that before they could negotiate even on trade or money they must work out a common position and applied the same rule to the broad redefinition of Euro-American relations.


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