Jaskow, Paul L.
July 1976
Foreign Affairs;Jul1976, Vol. 54 Issue 4, p788
Concern and frustration over the rapid spread of nuclear reactors, uranium enrichment facilities and reprocessing plants outside of the nuclear weapons club, to countries such as Brazil, South Korea, and the Union of South Africa, have recently led to suggestions that the United States place a ban on the export of conventional reactor technology, advanced reactor technology such as the breeder reactor, and fuel cycle technology until more acceptable safeguards institutions have been created. When a country considers whether or not to invest in nuclear steam supply systems for generating electricity, it must consider the economics of an entire nuclear energy system of which the nuclear reactor itself is only a part. The realities of the present structure of the international nuclear energy industry, the difficulties of inspection and the lack of sanctions do not lead one to an optimistic conclusion about the future of nonproliferation policy. The United States can use its power and influence with particular countries and international organizations such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to see that importing countries at least sign safeguards agreements and submit to inspections.


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