Perlmutter, Amos
June 1979
Foreign Affairs;Summer79, Vol. 57 Issue 5, p987
This article analyzes the dynamics and necessity of the two phases of a peace treaty ratified by Egypt and Israel over the future of Palestine on March 29, 1979. One of the major lessons learned by Israel and Egypt in the course of past negotiations is that they have leverage over one another which they can use to extract concessions. The negotiations, of course, will begin with the maximum demands of each party, each containing a healthy measure of regard for domestic political pressure--but they will be guided by a set of minimum demands that must be satisfied before agreement can be reached. An attempt to schematize the minimum and maximum demands of the two main parties might look something like the following. On the issue of the population of the regions, Israel's maximum demand is that the administrative authority should be deprived of all properties of sovereignty over the inhabitants of the area until boundaries are settled five years after the election. On the issue of territory, the main bone of contention is the Israeli settlements. On the issue of security, one can expect a consistent Israeli attempt to separate the promised sovereignty of the new self-governing authority from the role of the security policeman in its own territory. On the issue of how the boundaries of the new regions will be defined, Israel will help ensure that the potential for true sovereignty will not emerge in the West Bank and Gaza through its basic demand that it will only negotiate with an established Arab state five years after the elections.


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