Saunders, Harold H.
September 1982
Foreign Affairs;Fall1982, Vol. 61 Issue 1, p100
Academic Journal
The article discusses the significance of the Israeli-Palestinian War of 1982 in Lebanon and its effect on Israel, Middle Eastern relations and relations with the United States. The initially stated Israeli war aim was to clear a zone in southern Lebanon of weapons and fighters within reach of northern Israel. This war aim- "Peace for Galilee"-was understand- able in view of past attacks on Israel's northern communities and the growing stockpile of Palestinian equipment in the region. Within a few days, as Israeli forces moved rapidly north to lay siege to Beirut, Israel's stated war aims were expanded to include the eviction from Lebanon of the military presence and political headquarters of the Palestine Liberation Organization. This aim had a plausible basis as part of protecting Israel's physical security; it also conformed to the widespread desire of most Lebanese to be rid of the disruptive PLO apparatus there. In trying to launch a negotiation of this sort, the United States would be moving on four tracks simultaneously. It would work to resolve the Lebanese problem in such a way as to restore Lebanese integrity. It would attempt to restore the grounds of common purpose in the U.S.-Israeli relationship. It would try to develop a clear expression of Palestinian and other Arab readiness to make peace with Israel. It would try to achieve an interim first step on the ground in the form of genuine autonomy for the one million Palestinian inhabitants of the West Bank and Gaza while consulting with representatives of the larger Palestinian movement.


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