Lovins, Amory B.; Lovins, L. Hunter; Ross, Leonard
June 1980
Foreign Affairs;Summer80, Vol. 58 Issue 5, p1137
This article argues that the collapse of nuclear power in response to the discipline of the marketplace should be welcomed because nuclear power is both the main driving force behind nuclear arms proliferation and the least effective known way to displace oil. All policies to control proliferation have assumed that the rapid worldwide spread of nuclear power is essential to reduce dependence on oil, economically desirable, and inevitable; that efforts to inhibit the concomitant spread of nuclear bombs must not be allowed to interfere with this vital reality; and that the international political order must remain inherently discriminatory, dominated by bipolar hegemony and the nuclear arms race. All nuclear fission technologies both use and produce fissionable materials that are or can be concentrated. Unavoidably latent in those technologies, therefore, is a potential for nuclear violence and coercion. Most of the knowledge, much of the equipment, and the general nature of the organizations relevant to making bombs are inherent in civilian nuclear activities, and are in much of their course interchangeable and interdependent for peaceful or violent uses. U.S. nonproliferation policy since 1976 has rested on distinctions between proliferation-prone fuel cycles and fuel cycles thought to be proliferation-resistant.


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