TITLE

OLIGARCHS AND OFFICERS: THE CRISIS IN EL SALVADOR

AUTHOR(S)
LeoGrande, William M.; Robbins, Carla Anne
PUB. DATE
June 1980
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Summer80, Vol. 58 Issue 5, p1084
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article focuses on the political crisis in El Salvador and its potential impact on regional stability in Latin America. Less than a year after Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza was driven from Managua by the first Latin American revolution in two decades, neighboring El Salvador teeters on the brink of full-scale insurrection. In truth, El Salvador has hardly had a government over the past 12 months. The nation's nominal rulers have long since lost control of their own security forces and today stand isolated amidst a rising tide of political violence from both Right and Left. El Salvador is burdened with the most rigid class structure and worst income inequality in all of Latin America. For over a the social and economic life of the nation has been dominated by a small landed elite known popularly as the 14 families or Los catorce. The family clans comprising the oligarchy include only a few thousand people in this nation of nearly five million, but until recently they owned 60 percent of the farmland, the entire banking system, and most of the nation's industry. The tensions inherent in such a social structure are exacerbated in El Salvador by severe population pressure on the land. The dominance of the oligarchy and the persistence of rural poverty produced an immense potential for class conflict. For decades, the oligarchy's primary political objective has been to prevent this latent conflict from erupting into class war.
ACCESSION #
4850873

 

Related Articles

  • The verdict of guilty.  // Commonweal;6/15/84, Vol. 111 Issue 8, p355 

    By convicting five national guardsmen for the 1980 `aggravated homicide' of four American church women, the newly elected president of El Salvador, Jose Napoleon Duarte, tried to persuade Congress to gamble with another increase in aide to El Salvador, yet Congress continues to balk.

  • Awaiting policy decisions in Washington.  // Commonweal;5/3/85, Vol. 112 Issue 11, p269 

    As a result of the recent elections in El Salvador, the opportunity now exists to break the stalemate between the moderate government, the political right, and leftist guerrillas. But this is dependent on American policy and unfortunately, Congress and Reagan appear unable to reach agreement on...

  • A democratic revolution for El Salvador. Villalobos, J. // Foreign Policy;Spring89, Issue 74, p103 

    Argues for the revolutionary program of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) in El Salvador. US fears of Marxism-Leninism; US intervention in El Salvador; Aims of the FMLN; FMLN and Christianity; Differences between FMLN socialism and other forms of socialism; Need for conflict...

  • US-El Salvador relations.  // U.S. Department of State Dispatch;6/24/91, Vol. 2 Issue 25, p451 

    Presents remarks by President's George Bush and Alfredo Cristiani, El Salvador, and Bernard W. Aronson, Assistant Secretary for Inter-American affairs, Washington, D.C., June 1991, concerning El Salvador's commitment to peace and democracy. Negotiations on the remaining issues and a verified...

  • The war continues. Lacefield, P. // Commonweal;4/7/89, Vol. 116 Issue 7, p197 

    Discusses the state of the military conflict in El Salvador. U.S. Military aid; Arena party; FMLN guerrillas; March 19 elections; U.S. power in El Salvador.

  • Hanging in the balance. Robinson, L. // Commonweal;4/21/89, Vol. 116 Issue 8, p242 

    Describes prospects for El Salvador, telling how different US policies would influence them. US military aid; Human rights; Political process.

  • The carnage continues in El Salvador.  // America;8/17/1985, Vol. 153 Issue 4, p84 

    The carnage continues, with leftist terrorism overshadowed by the brutal actions of government security forces and right-wing death squads. A violent air war has been unleashed in the countryside, killing combatants and civilians.

  • The return of the right. Lane, C. // Newsweek;3/20/89, Vol. 113 Issue 12, p38 

    Discusses upcoming presidential election in El Salvador, where the Republican Nationalist Alliance (ARENA) candidate, Alfredo (Freddy) Cristiani, 41, is backed by the former Army major accused of death-squad atrocities, Roberto D'Aubuisson. US policymakers fear D'Aubuisson may really control...

  • El Salvador's search for a democratic solution. Baloyra, Enrique A. // Harvard International Review;Spring91, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p14 

    Discusses the transition of El Salvador into a democratic state. Key components of contention in a transition to democracy; Contributions of the United States to the democratic transition of El Salvador; Absence of a military doctrine of the country for dealing with rural guerilla warfare and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics