TITLE

Running away experience and psychoactive substance use among adolescents in Taiwan: multi-city street outreach survey

AUTHOR(S)
Shi-Heng Wang; Wen-Chun Chen; Chih-Yin Lew-Ting; Chuan-Yu Chen; Wei J. Chen
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: This study aimed to examine: 1) the relationship between being a runaway and the time since the first absconding event and adolescent substance use; 2) whether different kinds of psychoactive substances have a different temporal relationship to the first absconding event; and 3) whether the various reasons for the first absconding event are associated with different risks of substance use. Methods: Participants were drawn from the 2004-2006 nationwide outreach programs across 26 cities/towns in Taiwan. A total of 17,133 participants, age 12-18 years, who completed an anonymous questionnaire on their experience of running away and substances use and who were now living with their families, were included in the analysis. Results: The lifetime risk of tobacco, alcohol, betel nut, and illegal drug/inhalant use increased steadily from adolescents who had experienced a trial runaway episode (one time lasting ⩽ 1 day), to those with extended runaway experience (⩾ 2 times or lasting > 1 day), when compared to those who had never ran away. Adolescents who had their first running away experience > 6 months previously had a greater risk of betel nut or illegal drug/ inhalant use over the past 6-months than those with a similar experience within the last 6 months. Both alcohol and tobacco use were most frequently initiated before the first running away, whereas both betel nut and illegal drug/inhalant use were most frequently initiated after this event. When adolescents who were fleeing an unsatisfactory home life were compared to those who ran away for excitement, the risk of alcohol use was similar but the former tended to have a higher risk of tobacco, betel nut, and illegal drug/inhalant use. Conclusions: More significant running away and a longer time since the first absconding experience were associated with more advanced substance involvement among adolescents now living in a family setting. Once adolescents had left home, they developed additional psychoactive substance problems, regardless of their reasons for running away. These findings have implications for caregivers, teachers, and healthcare workers when trying to prevent and/or intervening in adolescent substance use.
ACCESSION #
48497331

 

Related Articles

  • Prevalência e fatores associados com o consumo de substâncias psicoativas por acadêmicos de enfermagem da Universidade de Passo Fundo. Picolotto, Eduardo; Casarin Libardoni, Luis Fernando; Belani Migott, Ana Maria; Consalter Geib, Lorena Teresinha // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;2010, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p645 

    The objective of this epidemiologic transversal cut study was to investigate the consumption of psychoactive substances and their determinants between the nursery academics of the University of Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul State. 266 students, aging more than eighteen years old answered a...

  • Report on Psychoactive Drug Use Among Adolescents Using Ayahuasca Within a Religious Context. Doering-Silveira, Evelyn; Grob, Charles S.; de Rios, Marlene Dobkin; Lopez, Enrique; Alonso, Luisa K.; Tacla, Cristiane; da Silveira, Dartiu Xavier // Journal of Psychoactive Drugs;Jun2005, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p141 

    Ritual use of ayahuasca within the context of the Brazilian ayahuasca churches often starts during late childhood or early adolescence. Premature access to psychoactive drugs may represent a risk factor for drug misuse. Conversely, religious affiliation seems to play a protective role in terms...

  • Review: childhood ADHD increases the risk of nicotine use in adolescence and alcohol use in young adulthood. Lee, Steve S. // Evidence Based Mental Health;Aug2011, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p63 

    The author comments on Alice Charach and colleagues' meta-analysis of studies about the link between childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance use in adolescence and young adulthood. The meta-analysis found that childhood ADHD increases the risk of alcohol use in...

  • The Epidemiology of Licit and Illicit Substance Use Among High School Students in Greece. Kokkevi, Anna; Stefanis, Costas // American Journal of Public Health;Jan1991, Vol. 81 Issue 1, p48 

    Findings on self-reported adolescent licit and illicit substance use are presented based on a nationwide 1984 probability sample of 11,058 Greek adolescent students ages 14-18 years old. Regular smoking and use of alcohol in the 30 days prior to the survey were reported by 22.3 percent and 82.8...

  • EFFECTS OF ARIPIPRAZOLE ON ALCOHOL INTAKE IN AN ANIMAL MODEL OF HIGH-ALCOHOL DRINKING. Ingman, Kimmo; Kupila, Johanna; Hyytiä, Petri; Korpi, Esa R. // Alcohol & Alcoholism;Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p391 

    Aims: This study examined the effects of aripiprazole, a novel atypical antipsychotic drug with partial agonist properties at dopamine D2 receptors, on the voluntary limited access alcohol drinking of alcohol-preferring AA (Alko, Alcohol) rats. Methods: AA rats were taught to drink 10% alcohol...

  • EDITORS' INTRODUCTION International alcohol and drug monitoring systems. Macdonald, Scott; Stockwell, Tim // Contemporary Drug Problems;Fall/Winter2009, Vol. 36 Issue 3/4, p541 

    An introduction to the special section of the journal is presented in which the editor discusses an article on substance use treatment monitoring system, supervising alcohol use, and recommendations for alcohol consumption.

  • 104th Congress--second session--1996.  // Alcoholism Report;Nov96, Vol. 24 Issue 11, p7 

    Presents a chart on the bills filed at the US Congress as of November 1, 1996 concerning alcoholism and substance use. Includes alcohol policies; Advertising ban; Welfare reform.

  • Dead-End Street. Mehta, Julie // Current Health 2;Feb2008, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p8 

    The article discusses the risks of running away from home for teenagers.

  • Shifting categories of the social harms associated with alcohol: Examples from late medieval and early modern England. Warner, Jessica // American Journal of Public Health;Nov97, Vol. 87 Issue 11, p1788 

    This paper offers a historical perspective on our own attempts to define the social harms associated with the abuse of alcohol. Challenging the notion that categories are necessarily objective and constant, it instead emphasizes the extent to which even harms that are visible and thus...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics