Posterior Fusion in Patients with Trauma, Instability, and Tumor of the Cervical Spine

Riesner, Hans-Joachim; Katscher, Sebastian; Blattert, Thomas; Josten, Christoph
December 2009
European Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery;Dec2009, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p562
Academic Journal
Trauma, instabilities and tumors of the cervical spine are treated with established methods of surgery. Therefore, anterior fusion is considered to be a standardized procedure for the lower cervical spine, while posterior and anterior instrumentation facilitates stabilization of the upper cervical spine. However, special situations that particularly require posterior instrumentation in traumatic lesions, tumor or other kinds of instabilities arise again and again. Neurological deficit symptoms, bone quality and related diseases fundamentally lead to a decision of posterior access and fusion. Different pathologies and corresponding reasons for posterior surgical interventions on the cervical spine are described in this paper and discussed using the current literature.


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