TITLE

Laser cooling of solids to cryogenic temperatures

AUTHOR(S)
Seletskiy, Denis V.; Melgaard, Seth D.; Bigotta, Stefano; Di Lieto, Alberto; Tonelli, Mauro; Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Nature Photonics;Mar2010, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p161
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Laser radiation has been used to cool matter ranging from dilute gases to micromechanical oscillators. In Doppler cooling of gases, the translational energy of atoms is lowered through interaction with a laser field. Recently, cooling of a high-density gas through collisional redistribution of radiation has been demonstrated. In laser cooling of solids, heat is removed through the annihilation of lattice vibrations in the process of anti-Stokes fluorescence. Since its initial observation in 1995, research has led to achieving a temperature of 208 K in ytterbium-doped glass. In this Letter, we report laser cooling of ytterbium-doped LiYF4 crystal to a temperature of ∼155 K starting from ambient, with a cooling power of 90 mW. This is achieved by making use of the Stark manifold resonance in a crystalline host, and demonstrates the lowest temperature achieved to date without the use of cryogens or mechanical refrigeration. Optical refrigeration has entered the cryogenic regime, surpassing the performance of multi-stage Peltier coolers.
ACCESSION #
48304719

 

Related Articles

  • Thermoelectric cooling at cryogenic temperatures. Harutyunyan, S.R.; Vardanyan, V.H.; Kuzanyan, A.S.; Nikoghosyan, V.R.; Kunii, S.; Wood, K.S.; Gulian, A.M. // Applied Physics Letters;9/15/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 11, p2142 

    Experimental results demonstrating Peltier cooling below 10 K are reported, using crystals of the thermoelectric cerium hexaboride (CeB[sub 6]). Direct measurements of the Peltier cooling showed δT up to ∼0.2 K in magnitude at T∼4–5 K. All three kinetic parameters:...

  • High Power Diode-Side-Pumped Q-Switched Nd:YAG Solid-State Laser with a Thermoelectric Cooler. Jian Dong; Xue-Sheng Liu; Chao Peng; You-Qiang Liu; Zhi-Yong Wang // Applied Sciences (2076-3417);2015, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p1837 

    A diode-side-pumped, high-energy, high-beam-quality, pulsed solid-state Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) laser with a thermoelectric cooler (TEC) is investigated in this study. The pump laser was a pulsed laser diode array with maximum peak power of 15 kW. A 350 mJ laser pulse was obtained with a...

  • Microbulk Gas Delivery. Tapley, John // Advanced Materials & Processes;Mar2005, Vol. 163 Issue 3, p41 

    Focuses on microbulk gas delivery, a method for supply of argon, nitrogen, and oxygen in the liquid cryogenic state. Benefits of microbulk gas delivery; Applications for welding, lasers, brazing, and heat treating.

  • Intracavity photoacoustic gas detection with an external cavity diode laser. Boz�ki, Z.; Sneider, J.; Szab�, G.; Mikl�s, A.; Ser�nyi, M.; Nagy, G.; Feh�r, M. // Applied Physics B: Lasers & Optics;1996, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p399 

    The first use of an external cavity diode-laser light source in combination with a photoacoustic detector for high-sensitivity gas detection is described. This combined system is applicable for detecting gases with absorption coefficients as low as 5�10[sup -8] cm[sup -1] by operating the...

  • CONCEPTS OF REFRIGERATION CYCLES AND CRYOGENICS FOR: LNG TANKERS. Liviu, Stan; Nicolae, Buzbuchi; Serban, Berescu // Journal of Marine Technology & Environment;2010, Vol. 1, p249 

    This paper represents an overview about cryogenics applications in the maritime field and onboard commercial vessels. Basics thermodynamics in general and cryogenic refrigeration in particular are theoretical knowledges which become compulsory when we are dealing with complex processes like...

  • Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA. Sangster, T. C.; Delettrez, J. A.; Epstein, R.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Goncharov, V. N.; Harding, D. R.; Knauer, J. P.; Keck, R. L.; Kilkenny, J. D.; Loucks, S. J.; Lund, L. D.; McCrory, R. L.; McKenty, P. W.; Marshall, F. J.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Morse, S. F. B.; Regan, S. P.; Radha, P. B.; Roberts, S. // Physics of Plasmas;May2003, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p1937 

    Layered and characterized cryogenic D[SUB2] capsules have been imploded using both low- and high-adiabat (α, the ratio of the electron pressure to the Fermi-degenerate pressure) pulse shapes on the 60-beam OMEGA laser system [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] at the...

  • First results from cryogenic target implosions on OMEGA. Stoeckl, C.; Chiritescu, C.; Delettrez, J. A.; Epstein, R.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Harding, D. R.; Keck, R. L.; Loucks, S. J.; Lund, L. D.; McCrory, R. L.; McKenty, P. W.; Marshall, F. J.; Meyerhofer, D. D.; Morse, S. F. B.; Regan, S. P.; Radha, P. B.; Roberts, S.; Sangster, T. C.; Seka, W.; Skupsky, S. // Physics of Plasmas;May2002, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p2195 

    Initial results from direct-drive spherical cryogenic target implosions on the 60-beam OMEGA laser system [T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] are presented. These experiments are part of the scientific base leading to direct-drive ignition implosions...

  • Frequency stabilization of ambience-isolated internal-mirror He-Ne lasers by thermoelectric-cooling thermal compensation. Shirvani-Mahdavi, Hamidreza; Narges, Yaghoubi // Journal of Theoretical & Applied Physics;Dec2016, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p315 

    An approach for frequency stabilization of an ambience-isolated internal-mirror He-Ne laser (632.8 nm) utilizing temperature control of the laser tube with Peltier thermoelectric coolers is demonstrated. Measurements indicate that there are an optimal temperature (23 °C) and an optimal...

  • Trace gas measurements using optically resonant cavities and quantum cascade lasers operating at room temperature. Welzel, S.; Lombardi, G.; Davies, P. B.; Engeln, R.; Schram, D. C.; Röpcke, J. // Journal of Applied Physics;Nov2008, Vol. 104 Issue 9, p093115 

    Achieving the high sensitivity necessary for trace gas detection in the midinfrared molecular fingerprint region generally requires long absorption path lengths. In addition, for wider application, especially for field measurements, compact and cryogen free spectrometers are definitely...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics