TITLE

Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence vs heavy smoking index in a general population survey

AUTHOR(S)
Pérez-Ríos, M.; Santiago-Pérez, M. I.; Alonso, B.; Malvar, A.; Hervada, X.; de Leon, J.
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p493
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) is used for assessing nicotine dependence. A shorter test derived from the FTND used for the general population is the Heavy Smoking Index (HSI) (six questions vs. two). The objective of this study is to compare the validity of the HSI versus the FTND. Methods: A survey of tobacco use in the general population was carried out in the northern Spanish region of Galicia using both the FTND and the HSI to study a representative sample of 1655 daily smokers. The HSI was compared with the FTND, considered the gold standard. Measures of sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were calculated. Concordance between the tests was also established (Cohen's kappa). Results: Cohen's kappa showed good agreement between measures (Kappa = 0.7); specificity values were also high (Sp = 96.2%). Sensitivity analysis in females (Se = 62.3%) did not show good agreement. Conclusions: The HSI can be used as a reasonably good screening test in order to identify daily smokers with high nicotine dependence. Nevertheless, for populations or subpopulations having low nicotine dependence, such as women, the FTND is more reliable.
ACCESSION #
48253767

 

Related Articles

  • Self-reported use of tobacco products in nine rural INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems in Asia. Ashraf, Ali; Quaiyum, M.A.; Ng, Nawi; Van Minh, Hoang; Razzaque, Abdur; Ahmed, Syed Masud; Hadi, Abdullahel; Juvekar, Sanjay; Kanungsukkasem, Uraiwan; Soonthornthada, Kusol; Bich, Tran Huu // Global Health Action;2009, Vol. 2, p19 

    Background: Tobacco use is the most preventable cause of premature death and disability. Even though tobacco use is common in many Asian countries, reliable and comparable data on the burden imposed by tobacco use in this region are sparse, and surveillance systems to track trends are in their...

  • Quitting cigarettes completely or switching to smokeless tobacco: do US data replicate the Swedish results? S-H Zhu // Tobacco Control;Apr2009, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p82 

    BACKGROUND: Swedish male smokers are more likely than female smokers to switch to smokeless tobacco (snus) and males’ smoking cessation rate is higher than that of females. These results have fuelled international debate over promoting smokeless tobacco for harm reduction. This study...

  • WAD Of Trouble. Cohn, Jessica // Current Health 1;Apr2006, Vol. 29 Issue 8, p22 

    This article discusses the health risks of spit tobacco. Spit tobacco seems safe because it is simply chewed like gum. Spit tobacco is consist of cancerous chemicals. Cancer is not the end of the problems caused by smokeless tobacco. The constant flow of nicotine makes the heart race and can...

  • A Study on Prevalence of Chewing Form of Tobacco and Existing Quitting Patterns in Urban Population of Jamnagar, Gujarat. Joshi, Urvish; Modi, Bhavesh; Yadav, Sudha // Indian Journal of Community Medicine;Jan2010, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p105 

    Background: Awareness towards tobacco hazards has increased with time but its role alone towards cessation is questionable. With widespread menace of tobacco in developing countries like India, not much tobacco chewing prevalence and their quitting patterns data are available in urban Saurashtra...

  • ELECTRONIC PAGES eTC: www.tobaccocontrol.com.  // Tobacco Control;Dec2003, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p341 

    This article focuses on tobacco use in India. It also discusses the prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. The findings of the survey highlight that an agenda to improve health outcomes among the poor in India must include effective...

  • State-Specific Prevalence of Smoke-Free Home Rules -- United States, 1992-2003. Trosclair, A.; Babb, S.; Murphy-Hoefer, R.; Asman, K.; Husten, C.; Malarcher, A. // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;5/25/2007, Vol. 56 Issue 20, p501 

    The article determines the prevalence of smoke-free home rules in the U.S. from 1922-2003. The Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS) reveals that the number of households that implemented smoke-free rules increased from 43.2% during 1992-1933 to 72.2% in 2003. During...

  • Prevalence and Correlates of Smokeless Tobacco Use Among Grade 8–11 School Learners in South Africa: A Nationwide Study. Reddy, Priscilla S.; James, Shamagonam; Resnicow, Ken; Sewpaul, Ronel; Masuka, Pardon; van den Borne, Bart // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Sep2014, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p1 

    Introduction: Smokeless tobacco in South Africa is commonly used in the form of “snuff” or chewing tobacco. This paper reports its use among secondary school learners and provides evidence of its association with demographic characteristics, tobacco smoking, and socioeconomic status....

  • TOBACCO CESSATION CARE. Prasad, Umesh Chandra // Guident;2011, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p77 

    The article discusses the role of dentists in tobacco cessation care. It examines the effect of tobacco chewing and smoking on oral health. It describes the function of dentists in detecting early signs of tobacco-related diseases in the mouth of patients. It outlines barriers that limit the...

  • Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions in dental patients with tobacco smoking, chewing, and mixed habits: A cross-sectional study in South India. Patil, Prashant B.; Bathi, Renuka; Chaudhari, Smitha // Journal of Family & Community Medicine;Aug2013, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p130 

    Background: A variety of oral mucosal lesions and conditions are associated with the habit of smoking and chewing tobacco, and many of these carry a potential risk for the development of cancer. There have been no studies that report the prevalence of habits and associated oral changes in the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics