TITLE

Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of stunting, underweight, and overweight among Palestinian school adolescents (13-15 years) in two major governorates in the West Bank

AUTHOR(S)
Mikki, Nahed; Abdul-Rahim, Hanan F.; Awartani, Faisal; Holmboe-Ottesen, Gerd
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p485
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: There is little information about height and weight status of Palestinian adolescents. The objective of this paper was to assess the prevalence of stunting, underweight, and overweight/obesity among Palestinian school adolescents (13-15 years) and associated sociodemographic factors in 2 major governorates in the West Bank. Methods: A Cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005 comprising 1942 students in 65 schools in Ramallah and Hebron governorates. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaires from students and parents. Weights and heights were measured. Overweight and obesity were assessed using the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reference and the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria. Stunting and underweight were assessed using the 2000 CDC reference. Results: Overweight/obesity was more prevalent in Ramallah than in Hebron and affected more girls than boys. Using the 2000 CDC reference, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Ramallah among boys was 9.6% and 8.2%, respectively versus 15.6% and 6.0% among girls (P < 0.01). In Hebron, the corresponding figures were 8.5% and 4.9% for boys and 13.5% and 3.4% for girls (P < 0.01). Using the IOTF criteria, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among boys in Ramallah was 13.3% and 5.2%, respectively versus 18.9% and 3.3% for girls. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among boys in Hebron was 10.9% and 2.2%, respectively versus 14.9% and 2.0% for girls. Overweight/obesity was associated with high standard of living (STL) among boys and with the onset of puberty among girls. More boys were underweight than girls, and the prevalence was higher in Hebron (12.9% and 6.0% in boys and girls, respectively (P < 0.01)) than in Ramallah (9.7% and 3.1% in boys and girls, respectively (p < 0.01)). The prevalence of stunting was similar in both governorates, and was higher among boys (9.2% and 9.4% in Ramallah and Hebron, respectively) than among girls (5.9% and 4.2% in Ramallah and Hebron, respectively). Stunting was negatively associated with father's education among boys and with urban residence, medium STL and onset of puberty among girls. Conclusion: Under- and overnutrition co-exist among Palestinian adolescents, with differences between sexes. Region, residence, STL, and onset of puberty were associated factors.
ACCESSION #
48253666

 

Related Articles

  • Associations of supermarket accessibility with obesity and fruit and vegetable consumption in the conterminous United States. Michimi, Akihiko; Wimberly, Michael C. // International Journal of Health Geographics;2010, Vol. 9, p49 

    Background: Limited access to supermarkets may reduce consumption of healthy foods, resulting in poor nutrition and increased prevalence of obesity. Most studies have focused on accessibility of supermarkets in specific urban settings or localized rural communities. Less is known, however, about...

  • The neighborhood food environment: sources of historical data on retail food stores. Wang, May C.; Gonzalez, Alma A.; Ritchie, Lorrene D.; Winkleby, Marilyn A. // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2006, Vol. 3, p15 

    With the rapidly increasing prevalence of obesity in the United States, and the minimal success of education-based interventions, there is growing interest in understanding the role of the neighborhood food environment in determining dietary behavior. This study, as part of a larger study,...

  • Correlates of Absolute and Excessive Weight Gain During Pregnancy. Althuizen, Ellen; van Poppel, Mireille N.M.; Seidell, Jacob C.; van Mechelen, Willem // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Oct2009, Vol. 18 Issue 10, p1559 

    Objective: Factors associated with weight gain during pregnancy that may be linked to maternal overweight and obesity were examined. Methods: In this observational study, 144 women reported on demographics, (prepregnancy) body weight, and lifestyles in self-reported questionnaires at 30 weeks...

  • Not So Poor. Rector, Robert // National Review;10/25/1999, Vol. 51 Issue 20, p28 

    The article criticizes the report on poverty in the U.S. by the Census Bureau in 1999. It describes the criteria for judging the level of poverty in the country and the living conditions of the poor. It also enumerates the modern conveniences being enjoyed by the so-called poor such as car...

  • The Implications of Future Demographic Change on Obesity and the Economic Cost Associated with Obesity in Georgia, 2000-2040. Hoque, Md. Nazrul // Open Demography Journal;2011, Vol. 4, p42 

    In this paper we examine the implications of future demographic change, particularly the size, composition, and racial/ethnic diversification of population, on obese adult population in Georgia and the economic costs associated with these obese adults from 2000 to 2040. The number of obese...

  • School-based Obesity Prevention: A Blueprint for Taming the Epidemic. Baranowski, Tom; Cullen, Karen W.; Nicklas, Theresa; Thompson, Deborah; Baranowski, Janice // American Journal of Health Behavior;Nov/Dec2002, Vol. 26 Issue 6, p486 

    Objective: To review the literature on school-based obesity prevention programs to identify what can be done to minimize the increasing levels of obesity. Methods: Twenty articles reporting school-based dietary or physical activity change programs were identified that used BMI or skinfolds as...

  • Fat chance.  // Business News New Jersey;11/29/99, Vol. 12 Issue 44, p30 

    Reports on the findings of a study conducted by T.A. Miller Co. concerning obesity called `Weight Loss: The Role of OTC and RX Pharmaceuticals in the Treatment of Obesity: 1999.' Physicians' attitudes towards different therapies; Use of different prescription drugs for treating overweight patients.

  • Obesity: molecular bases of a multifactorial problem. Palou, A.; Serra, F.; Bonet, M. L.; Pico, C. // European Journal of Nutrition;2000, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p127 

    Focuses on obesity as the basis of a multifactorial problem. Aspects to be considered in the regulation of feeding behavior; Discussion on the control of energy efficiency by adaptive thermogenesis; Insight on adipogenesis.

  • Are we grooming our kids to be unhealthy, overweight? Steinback, Jyl // Fort Worth Business Press;03/24/2000, Vol. 12 Issue 48, p25 

    Focuses on the etiology and prevention of obesity. Increased television viewing; Less parental supervision after schooling; Involvement of children in meal planning.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics