TITLE

RiskDiff: a web tool for the analysis of the difference due to risk and demographic factors for incidence or mortality data

AUTHOR(S)
Valls, Joan; Clèries, Ramon; Gálvez, Jordi; Moreno, Victor; Gispert, Rosa; Borràs, Josep M.; Ribes, Josepa
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p473
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Analysing the observed differences for incidence or mortality of a particular disease between two different situations (such as time points, geographical areas, gender or other social characteristics) can be useful both for scientific or administrative purposes. From an epidemiological and public health point of view, it is of great interest to assess the effect of demographic factors in these observed differences in order to elucidate the effect of the risk of developing a disease or dying from it. The method proposed by Bashir and Estève, which splits the observed variation into three components: risk, population structure and population size is a common choice at practice. Results: A web-based application, called RiskDiff has been implemented (available at http:// rht.iconcologia.net/riskdiff.htm), to perform this kind of statistical analyses, providing text and graphical summaries. Code from the implemented functions in R is also provided. An application to cancer mortality data from Catalonia is used for illustration. Conclusions: Combining epidemiological with demographical factors is crucial for analysing incidence or mortality from a disease, especially if the population pyramids show substantial differences. The tool implemented may serve to promote and divulgate the use of this method to give advice for epidemiologic interpretation and decision making in public health.
ACCESSION #
48253193

 

Related Articles

  • Municipal mortality due to thyroid cancer in Spain. Lope, Virginia; Pollán, Marina; Pérez-Gómez, Beatriz; Aragonés, Nuria; Ramis, Rebeca; Gómez-Barroso, Diana; López-Abente, Gonzalo // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p302 

    Background: Thyroid cancer is a tumor with a low but growing incidence in Spain. This study sought to depict its spatial municipal mortality pattern, using the classic model proposed by Besag, York and Mollié. Methods: It was possible to compile and ascertain the posterior distribution of...

  • The burden of malaria in Sudan: incidence, mortality and disability -- adjusted life -- years. Abdalla, Safa I.; Malik, Elfatih M.; Ali, Kamil M. // Malaria Journal;2007, Vol. 6, p97 

    Background: Estimating the burden of malaria in Sudan is important for evidence-based planning of malaria control. Estimates of malaria burden in terms of DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life Years) were not developed locally. This study synthesized information from different sources to calculate...

  • Quantitative Evaluation of Multiplicity in Epidemiology and Public Health Research. Ottenbacher, Kenneth J. // American Journal of Epidemiology;1998, Vol. 147 Issue 7, p615 

    Epidemiologic and public health researchers frequently include several dependent variables, repeated assessments, or subgroup analyses in their investigations. These factors result in multiple tests of statistical significance and may produce type 1 experimental errors. This study examined the...

  • OS CAMINHOS METODOLÓGICOS PARA O ESTUDO DA VIGILÂNCIA SANITÁRIA. de Lucena, Regina Célia Borges // Revista Brasileira em Promoção da Saúde;jan-mar2013, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p146 

    Objective: The aim is to assess the appropriateness of using quantitative and qualitative approaches to analyzing and understanding the sanitary surveillance object in its relation to epidemiology. Data Synthesis: After a brief background on the relationship between epidemiology and social...

  • THE METHODOLOGICAL PATHS FOR THE STUDY OF SANITARY SURVEILLANCE. de Lucena, Regina Célia Borges // Revista Brasileira em Promoção da Saúde;jan-mar2013, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p146 

    Objective: The aim is to assess the appropriateness of using quantitative and qualitative approaches to analyzing and understanding the sanitary surveillance object in its relation to epidemiology. Data Synthesis: After a brief background on the relationship between epidemiology and social...

  • As representações sociais como instrumento de informação para a saúde bucal coletiva. Fadel, Cristina Berger; Saliba, Nemre Adas // RGO: Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia;out-dez2010, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p521 

    In addition to understanding the distribution of the populations' health-disease process, epidemiology has sought to study the causality associated with this process, which humanity developed over time, and to interpret the narrative of this field of knowledge. A solid review of the literature...

  • An option for measuring maternal mortality in developing countries: a survey using community informants. Qomariyah, Siti Nurul; Braunholtz, David; Achadi, Endang L.; Witten, Karen H.; Pambudi, Eko Setyo; Anggondowati, Trisari; Latief, Kamaluddin; Graham, Wendy J. // BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth;2010, Vol. 10, p74 

    Background: The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) remains high in most developing countries. Local, recent estimates of MMR are needed to motivate policymakers and evaluate interventions. But, estimating MMR, in the absence of vital registration systems, is difficult. This paper describes an...

  • MORTALIDADE INFANTIL: CORRELAÇÃO ENTRE INDICADORES DE ENTES FEDERATIVOS NOS ANOS DE 2007 A 2011. Costa Cabral, Ivna; Luacche Xavier Ferreira de Sousa, Malueska; Islandia Barbosa Dantas, Uberlƒndia; Pereira da Silva Reichert, Altamira; Collet, Neusa; Ribeiro dos Santos, S‚rgio // Journal of Nursing UFPE / Revista de Enfermagem UFPE;set2013, Vol. 7 Issue 9, p5557 

    Objective: to correlate the indicators of infant mortality in the city of João Pessoa (JP) with the Brazilians (BR) and the State of Paraíba (PB) in the period 2007-2011. Method: quantitative and descriptive study of Infant Mortality Rates (IMR), neonatal mortality (NMR) and mortality rate...

  • Evaluating child survival programmes. Victora, Cesar G.; Black, Robert E.; Bryce, Jennifer // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Feb2009, Vol. 87 Issue 2, p83 

    The article discusses obstacles to reliable interpretation of newborn- and child-survival programmes and it provides recommendations to address these issues. Effectiveness evaluations of health programmes may be skewed because of selection biases or other confounding factors that affect the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics