TITLE

RiskDiff: a web tool for the analysis of the difference due to risk and demographic factors for incidence or mortality data

AUTHOR(S)
Valls, Joan; Clèries, Ramon; Gálvez, Jordi; Moreno, Victor; Gispert, Rosa; Borràs, Josep M.; Ribes, Josepa
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p473
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Analysing the observed differences for incidence or mortality of a particular disease between two different situations (such as time points, geographical areas, gender or other social characteristics) can be useful both for scientific or administrative purposes. From an epidemiological and public health point of view, it is of great interest to assess the effect of demographic factors in these observed differences in order to elucidate the effect of the risk of developing a disease or dying from it. The method proposed by Bashir and Estève, which splits the observed variation into three components: risk, population structure and population size is a common choice at practice. Results: A web-based application, called RiskDiff has been implemented (available at http:// rht.iconcologia.net/riskdiff.htm), to perform this kind of statistical analyses, providing text and graphical summaries. Code from the implemented functions in R is also provided. An application to cancer mortality data from Catalonia is used for illustration. Conclusions: Combining epidemiological with demographical factors is crucial for analysing incidence or mortality from a disease, especially if the population pyramids show substantial differences. The tool implemented may serve to promote and divulgate the use of this method to give advice for epidemiologic interpretation and decision making in public health.
ACCESSION #
48253193

 

Related Articles

  • The breast cancer related burden of morbidity and mortality in six European countries. Kruijshaar, Michelle E.; Barendregt, Jan J. // European Journal of Public Health;Jun2004, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p141 

    Background: The burden of breast cancer expressed in Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) was compared for six European countries and its sensitivity to different sources of variation examined. Methods: DALYs were calculated using country-specific epidemiological data and European Disability...

  • Conquering Cancer With Private Medicine. Tanner, Michael D. // Business Journal (Central New York);3/24/2006, Vol. 20 Issue 12, p36 

    The article comments on the decline in cancer death rates and the status of the national health care system in the U.S. One of the reasons for the declining death rates is the health care system of the country. According to the author, there is no limit imposed on the use of advanced treatment...

  • NEED TO KNOW.  // Fort Worth Business Press;3/16/2009, Vol. 21 Issue 9, p10 

    The article reveals some health-related facts. According to scientists' estimates, 50 to 57% of deaths caused by cancer in the U.S. are due to human behaviors like smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. According to the 2005 U.S. Cancer Statistics, about 439 people out of 100,000 in Texas...

  • Long-term analysis of cancer incidence, mortality and survival trends in Canada. Banchani, Emmanuel // Chronic Diseases & Injuries in Canada;Nov2014, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p270 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Cancer incidence, mortality and survival trends in Canada, 1970-2007," by L. Kachuri and colleagues in the March 2013 issue.

  • Authors' response. De, Prithwish; Kachuri, Linda; Ellison, Larry F.; Semenciw, Robert // Chronic Diseases & Injuries in Canada;Nov2014, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p271 

    A response from the authors of the article "Cancer incidence, mortality and survival trends in Canada, 1970-2007," in the March 2013 issue is presented.

  • ACUTE EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH IN AN INDUSTRIALISED URBAN AREA IN ITALY. Bisceglia, L.; Vigotti, M. A.; Muggeo, V. M. R.; Minerba, S.; Semeraro, V.; Assennato, G. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Aug2004 Supplement 1, Vol. 58, pA71 

    The town of Taranto in Southern Italy was included by the World Health Organization among areas at high risk of environmental crisis because of the presence of heavy industries and descriptive epidemiology showing excessive cancer deaths in the general population. Within the protects developed...

  • Cancer Mortality Rates Age-Adjusted by Different Standards, 1973-1999.  // JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute;5/15/2002, Vol. 94 Issue 10, p711 

    Focuses on the mortality rate of cancer by different age standards in the U.S. Citation of age-adjusting health statistics; Indication of higher death rates in adults; Statistics showing the crude rate of cancer deaths.

  • Municipal mortality due to thyroid cancer in Spain. Lope, Virginia; Pollán, Marina; Pérez-Gómez, Beatriz; Aragonés, Nuria; Ramis, Rebeca; Gómez-Barroso, Diana; López-Abente, Gonzalo // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6, p302 

    Background: Thyroid cancer is a tumor with a low but growing incidence in Spain. This study sought to depict its spatial municipal mortality pattern, using the classic model proposed by Besag, York and Mollié. Methods: It was possible to compile and ascertain the posterior distribution of...

  • The burden of malaria in Sudan: incidence, mortality and disability -- adjusted life -- years. Abdalla, Safa I.; Malik, Elfatih M.; Ali, Kamil M. // Malaria Journal;2007, Vol. 6, p97 

    Background: Estimating the burden of malaria in Sudan is important for evidence-based planning of malaria control. Estimates of malaria burden in terms of DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life Years) were not developed locally. This study synthesized information from different sources to calculate...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics