TITLE

FAŞİST OLMAYAN VAROLMA BİÇİMLERİNİN OLANAKLARI ÜZERİNE: MICHEL FOUCAULT'DA NORMALLEŞME, BENLİK VE ETİK

AUTHOR(S)
Hülür, Himmet
PUB. DATE
September 2009
SOURCE
Ekev Academic Review;Fall2009, Vol. 13 Issue 41, p447
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Discipline, regulation, control and normalization of the body and self reflect the fascist form of "the power exercised over life". In this context, Foucault's analyses concerning the society of normalization and discipline shed light on the dominance of fascism in contemporary society. On the basis of his thoughts, fascism can be understood as the control over body and self, action and thought rather than a control of a political ideology over the state institutions. State itself is determined according to the discipline and regulation over the body and self. The most definite character of fascist form of life is the dominance of totality through individualization, subjectification and objectification. In this sense, Foucault's emphases on normalization, conformity, technologies of self and power reveal the main paradoxes of the fascist form of life. In Foucault's thought, in order to be able to understand non-fascist forms of life, a radical break with the dominant liberal-humanist views about subject, individual and free will is required. Foucault shows that against the power mechanism not a salvation but at best a resistance is possible and this resistance can be constituted through care of the self against the determination of the self by the power.
ACCESSION #
48215391

 

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