TITLE

Work-related Helicobacter pylori infection among sewage workers in municipal wastewater treatment plants in Belgium

AUTHOR(S)
Van Hooste, Wim; Charlier, Anne-Marie; Rotsaert, Paul; Bulterys, Simon; Moens, Guido; van Sprundel, Marc; De Schryver, Antoon
PUB. DATE
February 2010
SOURCE
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Feb2010, Vol. 67 Issue 2, p91
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction Most studies among sewage workers of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have found a higher prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms than among non-sewage exposed workers. Waterborne transmission of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) has been hypothesised, as the bacteria can survive into an aqueous environment and has been detected in sewage. A health and hygiene questionnaire has demonstrated a higher prevalence of peptic ulcers among Belgian WWTP operators and maintenance workers than among non-sewage exposed colleagues. Objectives To assess the seroprevalence of H pylori infection in Belgian sewage workers at municipal WWTPs, and to determine whether sewage exposure is an important risk factor for acquisition of H pylori and the possible association with gastrointestinal symptoms. Methods A seroprevalence study of H pylori antibodies was conducted among 317 WWTP employees (operators, maintenance workers, laboratory personnel, other job). Information about demographic variables, possible H pylori risk factors, working history, and history of current gastrointestinal symptoms during last 3 months was obtained by a questionnaire. The presence of H pylori IgG was investigated with an ELISA. The results were compared with those of 250 employees of a pharmaceutical company (operators, maintenance workers, laboratory personnel). Results The prevalence of H pylori IgG antibodies among sewage workers was 16.7% (95% CI 12.6 to 20.8%) compared to 13.6% (95% CI 9.4 to 17.8%) among the control group. In a logistic regression model with controlling for age and educational levels, OR study/control group was 1.02 (95% CI 0.58 to 1.80 with p=0.93). No significant associations were found between the H pylori status and gastrointestinal symptoms, occupational exposures in different tasks, nor with hygienic practices. Conclusions Our results do not suggest that H pylori infection is a probable cause of part of gastrointestinal symptoms among Flemish municipal sewage workers of WWTPs.
ACCESSION #
48214976

 

Related Articles

  • Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Adults in the Bahamas. Carter, F. P.; Frankson, T.; Pintard, J.; Edgecombe, B. // West Indian Medical Journal;Dec2011, Vol. 60 Issue 6, p662 

    Objectives: A number of studies have evaluated Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection in the Caribbean. However, to date there is no available epidemiological data on its occurrence in the Bahamas. Therefore, we determined the seroprevalence of H pylori in a healthy adult population in Nassau,...

  • Seroepidemiology of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Tepehuanos Aged 15 Years and Older in Durango, Mexico. Alvarado-Esquivel, Cosme // Journal of Pathogens;2013, p1 

    This study aimed to determine the seroepidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection in Tepehuanos (an indigenous ethnic group living in rural Mexico). The prevalence of anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies was examined in 156 Tepehuanos in Durango State, Mexico, using an enzyme-linked...

  • Helicobacter pylori seropositivity in fibromyalgia syndrome. Akkaya, Nuray; Akkaya, Semih; Polat, Yusuf; Turk, Meral; Turk, Tufan; Turhal, Elif; Sahin, Fusun // Clinical Rheumatology;Jan2011, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p43 

    lthough there are some studies suggesting relation between different types of infection and fibromyalgia syndrome (FM), there is presently no proof that FM is caused by an infection. Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection may cause extragastric manifestations. Inflammation is an important mediator...

  • Seroepidemiology of Helicobacter pylori infection in Guadeloupe. Weill, F.X.; Margeridon, S.; Broutet, N.; Le Hello, S.; Neyret, C.; Mégraud, F. // Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene;Sep2002, Vol. 96 Issue 5, p517 

    854 sera collected from blood donors in Guadeloupe were screened for Helicobacter pylori immunoglobulin G antibodies by a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The overall prevalence was 55 · 2%; it increased significantly with age from 36 · 1% at 18–19 years to 63 ·...

  • Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and its related risk factors in symptomatic patients in southern Ethiopia. Tadesse, Endale; Daka, Deresse; Yemaneh, Demo; Shimelis, Techalew // BMC Research Notes;2014, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Helicobacter pylori is the main etiology of peptic ulcers and chronic gastritis. Various studies showed that blood type 'O' is more common among patients with peptic ulcer. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of H. pylori antibodies and its relationship with...

  • Comparison between Invasive and Noninvasive Tests in Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori Infection. Mahmood, Saffari; Hamid, Abtahi // Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences;2010, Vol. 13 Issue 10, p509 

    In this study, the invasive and noninvasive diagnotic tests were compared to choose the appropriate test for diagnostice of H. pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a human pathogen that causes chronic gastritis, has a role in gastric and duodenal ulcer, is involved in gastric...

  • Seroprevalence of Neospora canium Antibodies in Cattle in Eastern Turkey. Balkaya, I.; Bastem, Z.; Avcioglu, H.; Onalan, S. K. // Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine;Jun2012, Vol. 67 Issue 2, p109 

    Neosporosis is a disease caused by an intracellular protozoon Neospora caninum and is one of the most important causes of bovine abortion. This study was undertaken to detect N. caninum seroprevalance in Erzurum, the largest province of Eastern Turkey using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay...

  • Childhood seroprevalence of hepatitis A in the United Arab Emirates. Sharar, Ziad Abu; Rajah, Jaishen; Parsons, Howard // Tropical Doctor;Jan2008, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p65 

    The seroprevalence of hepatitis A in Emirati children less than 12 years was 20.1% (95% CI16.4 -24.6%) in 2004.

  • Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum Infection in Dairy Cattle in Northeastern China. Chunren Wang; Yu Wang; Ximing Zou; Yanqing Zhai; Junfeng Gao; Meiru Hou; Xing-Quan Zhu // Journal of Parasitology;Apr2010, Vol. 96 Issue 2, p451 

    The seroprevalence of Neospora caninum infection in China's northeastern Heilongjiang Province was surveyed between 2007 and 2008. In total, 540 serum samples of dairy cattle from 9 counties were examined for antibodies to N. caninum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The overall...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics