Imaging and quantifying perpendicular exchange biased systems by soft x-ray holography and spectroscopy

Tieg, C.; Jiménez, E.; Camarero, J.; Vogel, J.; Arm, C.; Rodmacq, B.; Gautier, E.; Auffret, S.; Delaup, B.; Gaudin, G.; Dieny, B.; Miranda, R.
February 2010
Applied Physics Letters;2/15/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 7, p072503
Academic Journal
The magnetic properties of perpendicular exchange biased ferromagnetic (FM)/antiferromagnetic (AFM) [Pt/Co]n/IrMn systems were investigated by a new set-up combining element-selective soft x-ray holography and spectroscopy measurements. The holography experiments allow imaging the magnetization reversal of an exchange biased FM layer with an equivalent Co thickness below 5 nm in real space and in external magnetic fields, and provide direct evidence of its asymmetric nature. From the spectroscopy analysis, we have quantified the unpinned (pinned) uncompensated AFM moments, providing direct evidence of its parallel (antiparallel) alignment with respect to the FM moments.


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