Impacts of different promoters on the mammalian one-hybrid assay for detecting nuclear receptor agonists

Zhi-Hui Zheng; Xin-Hua Lu; Hua Zhang; Guo-Ping Lv; Jian-Gong He; Bao-Hua Zhao; Shu-Yi Si
March 2010
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2010, Vol. 396 Issue 5, p1721
Academic Journal
Nuclear receptors are a superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors that play key roles in many biological processes, and have become one class of the most important targets in drug discovery. Mammalian one-hybrid system has been used to develop a cell-based functional transactivation high-throughput screening (HTS) assay for detecting nuclear receptors ligands. In the present study, we proved that different promoters used in the reporter vector had significant different impacts on the performance of HTS assays. The assay using the SV40 promoter in the reporter vector showed the characteristics of much higher signal/noise ratios, acceptable Z′ factors (>0.6), low coefficient variation (<12.5%) and higher hits rate, which could be more robust, reproducible, and sensitive. In contrast, utilizing a TATA box promoter in the assay resulted in higher variance and low sensitivity. In addition, it was found that the assay using SV40 had longer signal decay time and was easier to be miniaturized in 384-well format. It has been confirmed that the choice of a promoter is a critical factor in developing a reporter gene HTS assay. However, the SV40 promoter used in the present study has been shown to be more adaptable than the minimal promoter TATA box in the Mammalian one-hybrid HTS assays for detecting nuclear receptor agonists. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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