Kamińska, Ewa; Wiernicka, Marzena; Górny, Mirosław
March 2009
Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica;2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p27
Academic Journal
The aim of the study was to establish the condition of the foot arch in deaf and hearing children and to determine whether there are differences in the foot arch between children with impaired hearing and healthy children aged 9-11 years. A group of 19 deaf children and 33 hearing children, including 23 girls and 29 boys aged 9 to 11 years were studied. Their average age was 9.9 years. The examination of the longitudinal arch of the feet was carried out in an nonloaded (in a sitting position) and in a loaded (standing) position, using a Podoskop (POSMED, Poland). In the preparation of impressions of the soles of the feet, a line method according to Wejsflog was used with the specification of an index of the longitudinal arch of the foot. It was noted that there was a statistically significant difference between the arch of the left and the right feet in loading in healthy children (p < 0.05). However, no statistically significant differences were noted between the studied groups of children in terms of the indicator of the arch of the foot in both an unloaded and loaded posture. It was noted however, that the condition of the arch of the foot in deaf children was characterised by a lower effectiveness of the muscular and ligament systems, which was confirmed by the values of the foot parameters of deaf children. The results of the Wejsflog index indicate that in deaf children a typical area of variables (the right foot in loading 20.55-39.85) was greater than in healthy children (the right foot in loading 17.05-34.75). Moreover, in both groups of girls greater differences were noted in the degree of foot arching than in boys. This confirms the tendency to generally a more labile body posture in girls and in the muscular and ligament system of the feet. In conclusion, no statistically significant differences were noted between the studied groups of children in terms of the index of the arch of the foot in both a loaded and an unloaded posture.


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